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Emblem of the PMU

The Popular Mobilization Units (PMU) or Hashd al-Sha'abi are an Iraqi militia established in 2014 to counter ISIS. They operate under the formal command of the Iraqi army and have been established by Shi'ite Ayatollah al-Sistani, but consist of units of almost all regional religions and ethnicities. By 2017 they have an estimated 60-90 thousand fighters under weapons.[1] The Iraqi government pays a budget for 45 thousand fighters.[2]



  1. Popular Mobilization Units: Establishment, War On ISIS, Role In Future Of Iraq, SouthFront, July 21, 2017
  2. Follow-Up and Correctives on Hashd al-Sha’bi Article, Sylvain Mercadier and Elijah Magnier, Syria Comment, February 15, 2018