- 1 Page Scope
- 2 Homs Massacres Outside Homs
- 3 Specific Events
- 4 Sultaniya Massacre Special Workspace
- 5 March 27 Massacre Special Workspace
- 6 Family Names
- 7 Locations
- 8 District Demographics
- 9 Army Presence in Homs
- 10 Sources
- 11 References
What counts as a massacre worth covering? So far as the one doing the page, I've been liberal. The geographic scope is narrow enough to consider alleged massacres, sectarian killings done even with car bombs, episodes of mass killing of (I don't know, two or more?) especially those with high death tolls, dead children or whole families, and alleged shelling episodes with suspiciously high or lopsided death tolls suggesting it's really a massacre at work. --Caustic Logic (talk) 05:25, 23 December 2013 (UTC)
If this page is about Homs Massacres, and we've considered what's a massacre, the other part is what do we consider Homs? Below, I explain what I decided on. Further below, is the area map that just shows it - the yellow-shaded area. --Caustic Logic (talk) 05:25, 23 December 2013 (UTC)
The scope is negotiable. It could include all Homs province (which stretches way back into big areas where relatively little happens), or any of these more core areas: Houla, Qusayr, Rastan, Talbiseh, al-Ghanto, etc. I say Houla has a page, Qusayr has a page, and Rastan/Talbiseh could. Hama clearly could use its own place, perhaps including Rastan et al. This could get big enough just on Homs city, immediate suburbs, etc. The Abel massacre should be included, despite being between Homs and Qusayr orbits, since Baba Amr was emptied the day before and that's likely where the killers came from. Spots to the east not in anyone else's orbit could be included; I think that might cover Maksar al-Husn - nah, too far out, unless we can connect it to militants from Homs. Different thoughts welcome. --Caustic Logic (talk) 07:45, 30 November 2013 (UTC)
Manner of inclusion: general timeline with entries, links in most cases (depending how many entries we finally have). Most links for now will be to pages, but a lot of smaller massacres will need space short of a page, which will be a section on this page.--Caustic Logic (talk) 07:45, 30 November 2013 (UTC)
This might be a stupid page, best dome as one thread of the Homs answer to Life in Liberated Qusayr. Can be made mobile in time, so no big rush to judgment I suppose. Still a good spot to work out the massacres and a few related issues. --Caustic Logic (talk) 14:25, 4 December 2013 (UTC)
I've decided Rastan is too far off, too much in Hama's orbit, and too big with an orbit of its own, to include here. But at least up to and probably including Talbiseh should be included, certainly Ghanto, Jabourin, etc. Hama and Rastan and surroundings should get their own page in time, which could get huge. Idlib's page too will be insane if it ever happens and gets filled-in. --Caustic Logic (talk) 06:01, 9 December 2013 (UTC)
As the map I posted a while ago shows, I decided as far west as Talkalakh (and for that matter points a ways east) should be included, even though that's a ways out, has fairly little activity (only one known massacre so far) and space between where little happens. But one area I'll add to the map is over there and worth including, with some recorded activity - Krak De Chevalier, aka Hosin Castle (or Hosin, the town around the castle, and an Alawite family name in the area) is just a bit north of Talkalakh. --Caustic Logic (talk) 10:08, 31 December 2013 (UTC)
Apologies, I had stopped checking maps as I included new incidents. The new Wikimapia wasn't loading and I just now found how to get to the old version. Mahin as I sort-of knew is right by Nabk, Sadad, Deir Attiya, in what is the border area between Homs and Damascus areas, so probably too far out and better ciovered under a Qalamoun page. Nabk + people displaced from Homs city still counts ... Ezzadine is way northeast by Rastan and near Khunayfis/Salamiyeh, in Hama. or too far from Homs. So these can be saved for another page. Also, I have a good idea and may start that page today, perhaps one for all Hama=Rastan-Homs axis areas not yet covered. --Caustic Logic (talk) 00:04, 2 January 2014 (UTC)
Homs Massacres Outside Homs
- December 8-9, 2013: Darwish-al-Faeouri Family Massacre, 10 victims. An unusual case, ten relatives from Deir Baalba, Homs, moved somehow to the Damascus area, are killed there - around Nabk, as rebels and the government clashed there - in Decmeber 2013. On December 8, four adult men were killed by "shelling" in "Damascus Suburbs: Nabk." Described as "FSA," they apparently came to fight, but quite possibly not. Their last names all are al-Saleh al-Faeouri. Then, 6 members killed Dec. 9 by "shooting" somewhere in "Damascus suburbs." Same basic area, four adult females and two adult males, all named al-Darweesh al-Faeouri except one woman named al-Afnan al-Faeouri. Darwish has been of interest. That's an unusual pattern, but meshes with the previous day's to suggest 4 husband-wife sets and two single men, all coming to fight or to be there for the fighters. Maybe the children were sent somewhere safer yet after running to Nabk but before their demise there.
- December 27, 2013: SOHR Facebook, December 26
- An internally displaced family of four (husband, wife and their daughter and the wife's sister) from Homs were killed overnight in the town of al-Nabek. Activists accused regime forces of killing them and burning their bodies. A rebel leader was killed in the eastern Ghouta clashes. Clashes continue in Adra between ISIS and regime forces, supported by Hizbullah and other militia.
The family is unnamed. VDC doesn't show any such family from Homs of any one name dying in the days Dec. 24-27. It shows Nine martyrs from the non-existent province: Homs, area: Nabk, killed Dec. 27 by shooting - all adult males. The one man's wife, daughter, and sister-in-law - if he's even one of these - are not listed with him. How many have unlisted family? Hopefully none ... Here the only common name is Aloush, repeated twice, which has appeared in the Homs Massacres. No others appear familiar excepty al-Abd - this means little either way. These nine men sound possibly more like part of the ambushed rebels Syria boasted of killing "dozens" of the same day. One Aloush at least explains "Several civilians martyred in an ambush made by regime's forces during their displacement from Nabk city." Tried checking Syrian Shuhada, but they don't have info this recent. The LCC is back to posting daily updates for December on its site, but is 12 days behind, with the most recent being the 16th. More clarification needed here. --Caustic Logic (talk) 03:42, 29 December 2013 (UTC)
- I see them now, I think - Alnshaiwati family (not familiar) from Bab Draib, Homs, Date of death: 2013-12-25. Martyrdom location: Damascus Suburbs: Nabk. Cause of Death: Other. Notes: A massacre of a family whose bodies were found burned at the hands of members of the Iraqi forces and the Lebanese
(that used to class as "field execution," not "other," which is stuff like heart attack, exhaust fumes, and a ship sinking near Italy)
- Mamdouh al-Nshaiwati Adult male, "called as Abo Shafeeq." (this means he's a rebel guy, I think)
- Fariha al-Nshaiwati Adult Female, wife of Mamdouh Alnshaiwati
- Sawsan Mamdouh al-Nshaiwati Adult Female (the daughter, implicitly)
- Fawziz al-Nshaiwati Adult Female, sister of Fariha
Those needing space to explore, with No Dedicated Page, and not yet ready to include on the front page, will be explored in sub-sections below, listed in chronological order.
Jinyat Family Massacre
Some notes: I've considered the Kamar Hamad video(s) perhaps the single most hideous thing I've seen yet, and as I originally noted here"don't even want to link to it," but of course the LCC post I cited has the video embedded right there, ready to accidentally hit play. So I can't hide it, so long as Youtube finds it fit to keep up what I hope no one considers any kind of porn. --Caustic Logic (talk) 11:19, 19 December 2013 (UTC)
One guess with basis but high chance of being wrong: Mr. Jinyat was a wealthy businessman who ran the shoe factory nearby, was okay with the government and didn't support the rebels. He was slaughtered along with his two wives, daughter, son, and sister-in-law and niece (taken in after his brother was killed). Oh, and they were robbed along the way of everything valuable and portable. Surplus wives/widows and maybe the pre-teen were put in that category. --Caustic Logic (talk) 11:07, 16 December 2013 (UTC)
Halmouz and Ter-Maalleh Massacres
May 5, 2012, Ter Malla and Halmouz, near Talbiseh
- Video: "Martyrs of Halmouz and Teir Maalleh Massacres"
- Homs: The northern countryside; Halmouz town: A mortar hit Halmouz town from the pro-regime town Jaboureen. Three individuals have been martyred immediately and they were displaced people from Karm Al Zaytoun. An injured man is in a critical situation.
The bodies shown are charred. Ter Malea is just north of Duveir, Jabourin (placed for the bus attack, see below) is near Halmouz: a graphic video says "Syria, Halmouz +18 A mortar hit Halmouz town from the pro-Assad town Jaboureen. 5-5-2012" So it must be further north, closer to Talbiseh. It's all Homs area, close enough Khalidiya residents in numbers fled the violence there, only to have it quickly track them down anyway.--Caustic Logic (talk) 06:01, 9 December 2013 (UTC)
Two others from May 5, not part of this massacres list are from "Teir Maalle" - Zakaria Mahdy Al-Rayes and Ahmad Joukhdar, age 29, shelled in al-Ghanto. The latter is sometimes an Alawite name - one "Jpkhdar" was shot at a rebel checkpoint "by accident." Listed as "regime forces." So apparently these are not the same -
Jandar Resort Massacre
August 7, 2012: 16 men - largely or wholly Christian - were murdered at the resort they worked at near historical Jandar. Arabi Souri reported one version: ....A Christian family from al Alyat village in Homs countryside, central of Syria received the most painful news a family can endure: 10 of its members were butchered during their work in the tourism resort near the Damascus – Homs main highway, Jandar Tourism Resort witnessed yet one more of those heinous scenes of the ‘democratizing’ process of Syria. Eight names follow (see below). An attached video from Syrian Radio and TV explains 16 were martyred, with ten identified, and only the same eight names shared. The identified ten don't seem to be from the same one family, at least by name, but primarily from two families.
The flip-side story come trough in this VDC list with 16 entries sharing the note: "workers in the Jandar Resort When pro-regime thugs (shabiha) stormed the Resort and opened fire at workers indiscriminately, then took the corpses of the workers to the Military Hospital in Homs." All are adult male. Here 11 are named and 5 unidentified. The Mtanious and unidentified people are from Jandar town (spelled Gender), the Taklas from Alyat, and one other worker was from Hasya'a. All entries say Occupation: Worker. Cause of Death: Shooting.
The three Mtanious names seem to have been in the wrong order (Mtanious first), here and everywhere else. At whatever risk, the listing below changes the order. Is it more odd that three guys of the same (known, Christian) family work together, or that men of three families, who chose the same unusual first name, all wound up working together? Left: modified Arabi Souri list - right: Best match VDC entries. The difference might be of some interest. Names with frequent Christian implications: George, Michael, Elias, Mtanious, perhaps Ibrahim. VDC tends to alter or drop these. There are some non-matches. Even one match was only because there were no other Taklas left.
- Michael Rashid Takla - Mikhail Tqla
- Bassam Marwan Takla - Bassam Tqla
- Talal Munhem Takla - ?Jousef Tqla?
- George Elias Takla- Jurjes Tqla
- Ibrahim Hajal Mtanious - Matanes al-Hajleh
- Elias Touma Mtanious - ??
- Jacob Michael Mtanious - Matanes Mikhail
- Ahmad Mustapha Koumi - Ahmad Mostafa
- ?? - Mohammad Hajouz
- ?? - Ahmad al-Naser
- ?? - Khuder al-Khaled
- ?? - Salem Qasab
The remaining five unidentified men are hardly worth linking to. It's worth noting their entry numbers cluster in the 57,700 range (later than 57674 on Feb. 4, 2013), to the named victims' 26,000 range (current in August) Even with the improved details of the Shabiha massacre that overrode the government version, it's still not known who they are, by either side. Their attribution to a set town might seem shady; how do you know where they're from if you don't know who they are? But this could just be shorthand for somewhere in the Jandar/resort area. --Caustic Logic (talk) 12:48, 12 January 2014 (UTC)
- resort location, not far south of Homs. Within striking distance for south Homs rebels, and especially Qusayr ones.
"Old wikimapia" links for all the "from" towns:
- Al-Aliyat: http://old.wikimapia.org/#lat=34.5280557&lon=36.8035126&z=11&l=0&m=b&show=/13027367/Al-Aliyat
- Hasyaa: http://old.wikimapia.org/#lat=34.481656&lon=36.7726135&z=11&l=0&m=b&show=/6035085/Hassia-Hisyah
- Jander (Gender): http://old.wikimapia.org/#lat=34.481656&lon=36.7726135&z=11&l=0&m=b&show=/4248611/Jander
- Homs Up-to-Date seems to be the source for VDC's info. 11 names, same story, posted August 7. The English version says:
- Assad's thugs (Shabbiha) raided the resort and started firing their weapons deliberately to kill about 16 worker in the resort and then they took the bodies to the Military Hospital in Homs. The number of martyrs has been reported by an eyewitness, he says they are16 bodies and the number came from a military hospital was 14. We have documented only 11 by names:
The names of the martyrs of the massacre biting: 1 - Ahmed Mustafa - Jandar 2 - Ahmed Nasser - Jandar 3 - Muhammad Hajoz - Jandar 4 -Khader Khaled- Jandar 5 - Matans Al-Hajleh - Jandar 6 - Matans Mikhail - Jandar 7 - Salim Kassab - Hsia 8 - Bassam Takla - Ala'aliat - Christian 9 - Michael Takla - Ala'aliat - Christian 10 - Joseph Takla - Ala'aliat - Christian 11 - George Takla - Ala'aliat - Christian 12-13-14-15-16 We do not have the names yet.
Bodies taken by "Shabiha" to the (government-run) National Hospital is presented as proof of their guilt. They controlled the scene, leaving rebels would beunable to claim the bodies themselves like usual. The resort is probably considered pretty safe, since it's nestled into an army base right next door to the North (with only the large sugar company in between). Soldiers were likely there within minutes, but still too late for the 16. Any terrorist attackers would have to slash and run, and leave the bodies for the "Shabiha" to get bloody hands dealing with. --Caustic Logic (talk) 14:00, 12 January 2014 (UTC)
- RT cites SOHR -
- "Armed men stormed the Jandar residential compound, firing indiscriminately and killing 16 Syrians, among them six Christians, six Alawites – including the compound director – and four Sunnis," said the director of the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights, a London-based NGO.
- Abdel Rahman said the gunmen targeted only the Syrian employees of the Jandar power plant. The other employees were Japanese and Iranians, who live with their families in the compound in Jandar village. "The village and its surrounding areas are Sunni," he added.
So, is it the resort, or power plant worker housing? Comparing video scenery to: http://old.wikimapia.org/#lat=34.4637364&lon=36.7772484&z=16&l=0&m=b&show=/29507325/Workers-Housing - tall, clustered buildings, few trees, small area, not a fit. The expmansive resort is closer but just too expansive, it looks to me. It seems both too close and too rough, and there seems to be a parking lot full of normal cars, which I don't see in the resort. The long trailers suggest the truck lot just north of the resort - National Sugar Campany - or borrowing trailers from there, but that doesn't look exactly right either. SOHR seems wrong about the locale, but it's not clear and their detail about Alawites could still be valid. --Caustic Logic (talk) 13:40, 12 January 2014 (UTC)
Qaddour Family Massacre
I just noted up front that ACLOS hasn't studied the horrifying view of of this incident of April 10, 2013. Almost that quickly, I did sort of. Saved a copy, took the still of our upset activists. The varying displays of dismay are unusually intense here. I'm not sure what to make of that. At times it seems hammed up, like acting, at other times the acting seems suspiciously good. They might be unusually upset by what happened here, especially if they felt party to it. There may well be things we could track down about who these guys are, and the narration might be useful (subtitles on one).Caustic Logic (talk) 16:11, 1 January 2014 (UTC)
- And, is it racist to see a black face, when everyone knows there are foreigners, and think that bolsters a case for brutal murder? Hmmm... maybe. The suspicious waving out is by another light-skinned guy, so .... might be a wider problem. --Caustic Logic (talk) 16:16, 1 January 2014 (UTC)
How did this one slip everyone by? Marmarita, like Hosn, is inside the "valley of the Christians. It's right next to Hosn, a couple kilometers perhaps northwest. Just uphill, statue of our blessed virgin Mary. On August 17, 2013, there was a massacre there, it seems.
- 6 Marmarita massacre 17 August, 2013 14-15 civilians dead (including a boy and two women), by FSA 
- Al-Akhbar, August 19 report blames Jund al-Sham, including Lebanese fighters, and some Libyans with Nusra Front
- Syria Steps next-day report shows some photos of the dead, blames Jund al-Sham and al-Nusra.
- Al-Akhbar 10 October reminds its readers the massacre in Marmarita on August 16, claimed the lives of "some 20 civilians." --Caustic Logic (talk) 14:00, 10 July 2016 (UTC)
Opposition Record August 17 VDC Martyrs: one in all Homs province. A rebel killed in unspecified clashes. Quiet day. That'll be good for most people.
Non-martyrs, "regime casualties" (aka other statistics, the bad guy list) from Homs province, Aug. 17 14 dead including two women, one boy (rank: civilian), and the rest men (rank:unknown). This is unbelievable. Only a few are specified here, with others - even more - from unstated parts of Homs province. Considering the quietness of the day, I suspect a lot of rebels were in this one area, and a few towns at once were hit. Could be. Only one rebel is listed as dying, and there would be attempts at self-defense, plus the Jihadist bulk of fighters now killing and dying and often not being reported to the VDC. More details coming. --Caustic Logic (talk) 13:15, 8 January 2014 (UTC)
- Names later. There are two types of entry, ones from Area: Marmreta and ones from just Homs, unspecified. All bear the note "14 killed among them civilians due to clashes between people`s committe (Kataeb) and (Lijan Shabieh) on Kalat Hosn area." Lijan Shabieh = Popular committees, perhaps AKA Shabiha. Krake Des Chevalier (and the surrounding town, which is referred to) has an Arabic name commonly rendered Qala'at al-Hosn. Therefore it's reasonable to call the men "unknown" as some would be fighting and chosen to lead that because they're professionals, and the least likely to be shown mercy. Clearly fighting in defense, in their own town with their families right there. The distinction hardly matters here. --Caustic Logic (talk) 13:54, 8 January 2014 (UTC)
- All victims killed by "shooting." Few detail;s given. A=Adult, M=Male, etc.
- From Marmreta: Fadi Elias AM - Maya Barsheny AF - Basil Watfeh AM - Ibrahim Saada AM - Jaak Saada AM - Eissa Yazagy AM
- From the Hosen Area genrally: Ata Allah Abboud AM - Elias Twene AM - Elias Twene AM - Hanan Farah AF - Amin Nakror AM - Basil Salih AM - Samir Son CM - Samir AM - Somar Eissa Yazagy AM
- Note the presence of a Yazagy man in each batch. This is a name I thought I noted recently. Perhaps not. It's the name of an archbishop in Syria. Doesn't seem to appear much in the VDC database aside from here. --Caustic Logic (talk) 13:31, 9 January 2014 (UTC)
- Elias is apparently a name with Christian implications - it appears twice here and rarely anywhere else, and all past experience with it in the Middle East is linked to Christians and churches. --Caustic Logic (talk) 00:38, 10 January 2014 (UTC)
A class of entry lacking is for people taken captive rather than killed in this operation. That seemed to be a rebel goal in general, and this area is closer to Damascus than most ... FWIW. --Caustic Logic (talk) 13:54, 8 January 2014 (UTC)
- And on the flip side, other than the odd picture (likely just backdated from Ghouta) there's nothing about abductions. Reports don't mention it, nor rule it out. Details were still vague, but any significant number of missing would probably have been noted right away. --Caustic Logic (talk) 13:31, 9 January 2014 (UTC)
- LCC Aug 17 (warning: horrible but intriguing top image of a blue-eyed child (girl, I think), dead with mucous out the nose, as abductions were happening in Latakia and elsewhere .... <st>about a week before the Ghouta attacks... there should be some explanation in the report </st> (report was compiled on Aug. 20, using unexplained new image) This has Homs videos a ways down the list, looking consistent with a lazy no-death day. Rebels shell someone, someone shells areas, people talk and say regime shelling is way worse. Text reports:
- By the end of Saturday, the coordination committees were able to document 92 martyrs, among them 14 women, 4 children, and a martyr under torture: 22 martyrs were reported in Damascus and its suburbs; 20 in Aleppo; 14 in Daraa; 12 in Raqqa; 11 in Idlib; 7 in Quneitra; 4 in Deir Ezzor; and 2 in Hama.
LCC Aug 16 report (104 dead nationwide, 5 in Homs) is no help. August 18 (91 dead, 4 in Homs) has nothing in text that helps, but include an unexplained video: Shelling in Krak des Chevaliers,Homs (0:53, night video - totally dark) Audio reveals shooting - the narrator saying Allahu Akbar, naming Qalat al-Hosn, Muezzin calling out (pre-dawn?) prayer, noted by the activist. I'm not sure how unique this sound would be in a Christaian-majority town. Maybe daily, as there are some Muslims (?). Distant glow: something's been attacked and is burning. That must be from the shelling - whose they claim it to be is not specified. Allahu Akbar, he says. I'm having my translator have a listen. --Caustic Logic (talk) 11:32, 9 January 2014 (UTC)
- My translator, Lina, says Hosn is one of the places Sunni attackers will come from, so the area's not exclusive. 150,000 people there in 40 villages, suffering rebel shelling for months. Narration then: "God is the greatest. Homs Qal'at Al-Hosn 18 August 2013. During the prayer time the regime forces are shelling Al-Hosn city, and the land is burning. God is great. It is enough for us to have God by our side, God is great. The shilling is by the cane 57 and the heavy Artillery."
- Rebels never told the VDC about these non-martyrs; they cite instead News Article: All4Syria تفاصيل حول ما قيل انه مجزرة في وادي النصارى (Google translated)
- Summarizes the news broadcast on the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights truth of what happened in the Valley of the Christians Recalling the following : ( killed five members of the National Defence Forces loyal to the system , and cited six civilians, including two women , following an attack by fighters from the Brigades fighter on the barriers of national defense on the road to the monastery and through the eye the old Nazareth , also received information about the civilian casualties in the ranks of the attacking battalions ) .
- And indicates the source of all our partners that the death of civilians occurred because of the filth shabeeha and put them to the barrier , which are stationed near the hotel when it was attacked and killed civilians barrier inside the hotel area:
- (list elsewhere)
- For the dead of shabiha barrier has published their leadership Nauh them ( picture below ) confirm that they were members of the " National Defense " who are on the barrier adjacent to the hotel and most importantly that the leadership recognizes that they were killed because they are slaves when Bashar al-Assad , fighting in what it called defense " Azza Syria's Assad !" ! ! ! And therefore denies the rumors that they were fighting some to protect the Christian population in the region or that they were targeted for religious reason .
- A reproduction of a poster taken on August 19, 2013 shows portraits of two Syrian Christian 'martyrs' Tony George Yazegi (L) and Dani Adnan al-Hanna who have died in the 29-month conflict between government forces and rebel fighters, and a picture of Syrian President Bashar al-Assad (top-L) in the town of Marmarita, near the UNESCO World Heritage site, Krak des Chevaliers, in Syria's central Homs province. Christians account for only five percent of the population in Syria, and many back the Assad regime because they fear the growing strength of jihadists whose aim is to set up an Islamic state in Syria.
- It's not clear these are from the recent attack - will compare pictures and names later. But Yazagi, a Christian name shared by a Syrian archbishop, appears there and here, though no "Yony" seem to have been killed in the VDC list for the 17th. Hana doesn't appear at all, but is the name of a prominent Christian family in Qusayr, Homs, driven out in early 2012 (see Life in Liberated Qusayr) and killed also at least in Homs on Jan. 16, 2012. --Caustic Logic (talk) 00:38, 10 January 2014 (UTC)
- Syria News August 17: Syria: Terrorists killed Syrian Christians in Homs countryside
- According to the latest news about the Syrian conflict, a group of foreign-backed extremists, either affiliated with the so-called “Free Syrian Army” (FSA) or the Syrian al-Qaeda offshoot (e.g. Jabhat al-Nusra / al-Nusra Front) have carried out a gruesome attack in the countryside of the city of Homs today morning.
- The information, which is known so far, says that the two Syrian villages of Al-Hasn and Marmarita, mainly populated by Syrian Christians, were attacked by a group of terrorists today morning. The armed extremists have at least killed more than 15 Christians and wounded many more in their attacks against the locals of both Syrian villages in the countryside of Homs.
- Units of the Syrian Arab army (SAA) have repelled the attacks against the two villages and were finally able to push back the armed terrorist groups. ... then occurred clashes between the Syrian army and the armed extremists have inflicted huge losses at the side of the foreign-backed terrorists and jihadists. According to a source, tens of armed terrorists were clashed in an intense battle near the Syrian village of al-Havas (also located in the countryside of Homs).
Syrian army repelled attacks by the extremists near Homs
- The units of the Syrian army were overall able to repel further attempts to capture Syrian villages and to kill further Syrian Christians by the armed terrorist groups in the area today morning. ... However, some battles are still ongoing and especially the death toll of the terrorist attack against the 2 Syrian villages of Al-Hasn and Marmarita, mainly populated by Syrian Christians, is expected to increase when further details are available from the region.
- SOHR initial report:
- In Homs 7 civilians (1 from the Marmarita village, 1 from the al-Nasara area and the others from Wadi al-Nasara), including 2 women, were killed when rebel fighters attacked a national defence forces' checkpoint on the al-Deir and A'in al-A'jouz al-Nasra roads. 
- Reuters: Syrian rebels kill 11, mainly Christians, in checkpoint attack
- Syrian rebels killed at least 11 people, including civilians, in an attack on a checkpoint west of the city of Homs on Saturday that official state media described as a massacre.
- Most of those killed were Christians, activists and residents said. Some were from the National Defence Army, a militia which fights alongside President Bashar al-Assad's soldiers, and others were civilians, they said.
- "Terrorists today committed a massacre, killing 11 people ... in Homs countryside," the state news agency SANA quoted an official as saying.
The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said rebel gunmen had attacked the checkpoint, killing five militia fighters and six civilians, including two women. It said the rebel fighters had also sustained losses.
- A resident who visited the site of the overnight attack said he saw the remains of a destroyed checkpoint and two civilian cars nearby, whose passengers may have been caught up by chance in the fighting. He said the checkpoint had been used as an artillery base to bombard the rebel town of Hosn, about 2 km (1 mile) away, which lies below the towering Crusader castle Crac des Chevaliers.
- Many Christians fleeing the violence in Homs city over the past two years have settled in the Christian villages around the area where Saturday's attack took place. 
- January Beheading
Almost six months later, in January 2014, the terrorists remain in the area, if staging smaller crimes. Just the other day as it happens, Marmarita made Syria news again.
- Firas Badr Nader, who survived the attack, told SANA’s correspondent at Al-Bassel Hospital in Tartous that he and his friend Fadi Michael Matta were coming back from work in a hotel in Homs when five terrorists intercepted them and opened fire on the car. Nader said that he was shot and lost control of the car, causing it to crash, and as the terrorists approached the car he played dead, and then the terrorist dragged him and his friend out of the car and tied the latter’s hands. He then heard one of the terrorists instructing one of his accomplices to “slit his throat” at which point they decapitated Matta, then they stole all the documents and money they had and fled after trying to burn the car and failing.
I must say, witness who played dead set off my bullshit detectors, but that can be a false alarm. Presumed dead as he's dragged, his friends beheaded next to him, never shot, despite apparently nothing much past a cheek injury; He's shown in hospital with a bandaged left cheek.
- Catholic World News, Jan. 17 Syrian Christian beheaded by jihadists. This later report cites FIDES, who said:
- The incident, which occurred on 8 January, was reported to Fides only now by a priest in the diocese of Homs. The two, Firas Nader (29), and Fadi Matanius Mattah (34), were traveling by car from Homs to the Christian village of Marmarita. A group of five armed jihadists intercepted the vehicle and opened fire on the car. Upon reaching the car, militiamen, noting that Fadi was wearing a cross around his neck, beheaded him. They then took money and documents, leaving Firas on the ground wounded, believing he was already dead.
- Firas instead managed to escape, reaching the town of Almshtaeih on foot and was then transferred to the hospital in Tartou (sic). Some of the faithful were able to recover the body of Mattah, bringing him to Marmarita, where the local Christian community expressed strong indignation for the horrible act carried out.
The town he walked to is called Al Mishtaya on Wikimapia, just northwest of Hosn, but even closer to Marmarita. Clearly they were coming from the east, as said from Homs, and attacked after, or as, they passed Khalet al-Hosn. He may even have been closer to that Sunni town, but decided to skip it and go for Mishtaya. The other report specified he had a friend there, so that's another reason to head there wherever exactly you were leaving your headless friend behind. --Caustic Logic (talk) 12:47, 22 February 2014 (UTC)
Jabourin Bus Attack
September 19, 2013, near Homs and Talbiseh
19 people, most or all civilian and mosr or all Alawite, were killed when terrorists detonated a roadside bomb nest to two buses transporting people to the Alawite village of Jabourin, just north of Homs. Location: Ard al Jabburin on Wikimapia - right by Talbiseh, near the arbitrary cut-off line between Homs and Rastan orbits. Reuters reported "A roadside bomb killed at least 14 members of President Bashar al-Assad's minority Alawite on Thursday ... The blast targeted two buses near the Alawite village of Jabourin, 13 km (8 miles) north of Homs city, said Rami Abdelrahman, head of the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights. ... Citing a source in a local military hospital, Abdelrahman told Reuters that nine of the victims in Thursday's explosion were civilians while the others may have belonged to the National Defence Forces, a loyalist paramilitary group. He said that clashes broke out between rebel fighters and members of the NDF after the explosion. An AP report said "A Syrian official says a roadside bomb has targeted a bus in the country's central province, killing 19 people. The official at the governor's office in Homs province says Thursday's explosion in the village of Jbourin also wounded four people on the bus. He spoke on condition of anonymity in line with regulations. The village is predominantly Alawite, a minority sect to which President Bashar Assad belongs, but it also has Christians and Sunnis. It was not immediately clear why the bus was targeted.
Sultaniya Massacre Special WorkspaceCaustic Logic (talk) 11:28, 26 December 2013 (UTC)
- LCC Daily summary, March 1:
- Homs: The regime's forces committing a massacre in Baba Amr farms where 17 victims have fallen including 6 of the same family. The martyrs are: Abdul Halem Sabboh, Abdul Nasser Sabboh, Abdul Hameed Sabboh, Abdul Rahman Sabbo, Amer Omar Sabboh, Abdul Moeen Da'bol, Abdul Salam Kojok, Barri Al-Akedi, Ezz Eddein Al-Akedi, Ahmad Al-Akedi, Abdul Rahman Jundi, Abdul Kafi Juned, Radwan Bitar, Mahmoud Al-Zoobi, Mahmoud Al-Looz and Alaa Al-Ali.  (that's 16 names to 17 martyrs)
- LCC daily summary March 3: This report contains belated video of the victims (see videos, below). 
- VDC has three listings to consider, both between Feb. 29 and March 1 (mostly the latter) from Baba Amr Homs. The bigger list shows 29 adult male martyrs, including one listed as FSA rebel. 17 are listed as killed by shelling (seems to be the same as the 17 the LCC cited for the massacre), and another 12 by field execution (not even mentioned), but clues suggest all were executed and belong together, and that this list is incomplete. (subtract one - the last entry, al-Sufi - doesn't seem to be part of this, but gets mentioned below) 
A smaller list is of those among the 29, 11 of them, with some version of this note: "Massacre of the Sultanyieh."  But there's a third batch of people added (and dated, wrongly it seems) later on, with notes "al-Sultania Massacre." These include more Melhem men and an al-Raay family massacre of six (two women, 2 children) added to the others give a fuller tally of 20 people listed this way. 
- Syrian Shuhada, a new source I'm checking: 49 in all districts of Homs. Names appear here lacking at VDC, making the massacre bigger. "Slit throat" is mentioned for several (although this appears too commonly to mean that - it seems to mean the same as "field execution," perhaps). 
- Video description with part three at least (see below) of the three-part series "Baba Amro: Massacre in the neighbourhood by Assad thugs on 29-02-2012"
- This morning, after the withdrawal of the free Syrian army from Baba Amro , Assad thugs supported by republican guards and regime security forces break into houses, farming area, and orchards on the outskirts of the neighbourhood and beheaded 17 civilians. Six of those slaughtered were from the Sabouh family: 
- Notes: this is the main thing, besides a few early entries, suggesting Feb. 29 is involved. Otherwise, it's given as March 1. Note: the videos don't yet show anyone beheaded. --Caustic Logic (talk) 11:28, 26 December 2013 (UTC)
- Videos - Baba Amro
- Massacre in the neighbourhood by Assad thugs on 29-02-2012 - 3 videos, uploaded March 3 by Gayeth Saleh 
- At least 7 dead men in a truck, covered in blankets, in the falling snow. Mostly intact, death method not clear. One has a suspicious slice scross one cheek, perhaps to the mouth, perhaps across the other cheek. One has his head broken open at the top and the brain missing. --Caustic Logic (talk) 11:36, 26 December 2013 (UTC)
- Part 2, 1:00
- Four more dead men, wrapped in a morgue. More intact, young, and bearded. The names are discernable: from VDC entries, L-R, are named Alaa al-Ali, Mahmoud el-Louz, Radwan Bittar, and Mahmoud Zoubi
- Alleged family members cursing Assad in the rebel morgue. --Caustic Logic (talk) 11:36, 26 December 2013 (UTC)
- For each column, the number is the victim's entry number there, to show which were documnented at the time (lower #) vs. later. Additions were running up to mid-2013, and may still be incomplete. CDV's "cause of death: field execution" is here shortened to FE. Some analysis is at the end of the table. --Caustic Logic (talk) 08:03, 28 December 2013 (UTC)
|Victims by Source|
|Name||VDC  ||LCC ||S.Sh. |
|Alaa al-Ali||Alaa al-Ali 8942 - shelling||Alaa Al-Ali||Alaa alaly 10125|
|Ahmed al-Aqidi||Ahmed al-Aqidi 8913 - FSA - shelling||Ahmad Al-Akedi||Ahmd alakydy 10122 slit throat|
|Birri al-Aqidi||Birri al-Aqidi 8917 - shelling||Barri Al-Akedi||Bry alakydy 10123 - slit throat|
|Ezzedin al-Aqidi||Izz al-Din al Aqidi 8941 - shelling||Ezz Eddein Al-Akedi||Azaldyn alakydy 10124 slit throat|
|Mohammed Jandal Arnaout||Mohammed Jandal Abdel-Mueen Arnaout 8946 - shelling||n/a||Mhmd jndl arnaoott 10127|
|Radwan Bittar||Radwan Bittar 8922 - shelling||Radwan Bitar||Rdhoan byttar 10128 - slit throat|
|Abdul Mueen Daaboul||Abdul Mueen Daaboul 8938 - shelling||Abdul Moeen Da'bol||Abdalmayn dabol Abdalmayn dabol 10131 - slit throat|
|Ibrahim al-Ibrahim||Ibrahim al-Ibrahim 8910 - age 23 - FE - Massacre of the Sultanyieh||n/a||Ebrahym ebrahym 12093 - age 53|
|Mahmoud Ibrahim Al-Ibrahim||Mahmoud Ibrahim Al-Ibrahim 8949 - age 23 - FE - Massacre of the Sultanyieh||n/a||Mhmod ebrahym 12094 - age 23|
|Abdul Rahman Junaid||Abdul Rahman Junaid 8931 - shelling||Abdul Rahman Jundi||Abdalrhmn jnyd 10129 - slit throat|
|Abdul Kafi Junaid||Abdul Kafi Junaid 8935 - shelling||Abdul Kafi Juned||Abdalkafy jnyd 10130 - slit throat|
|Abdul Salam Kajak||Abdul Salam Kajak 8934 - 3 children - killed Feb. 29 - Field executed with a number of citizens by Lebanese Shabbiha||Abdul Salam Kojok||Abdalslam kjk 10138 - slit throat - Slaughtered at the hands of security|
|Mahmoud al-Louz||Mahmoud el-Louz 8951 - shelling||Mahmoud Al-Looz||Mhmod alloz 10126 - slit throat - Slaughtered at the hands of security|
|Akram Daher Melhem||Akram Daher al-Melhim 8915 - FE - Sultanyieh - photo||n/a||n/a?|
|Ammar Daher Melhem||Ammar al-Molhem 84615 - FE - Massacre of the Sultanyieh. documented in 22/06/2013 - photo||n/a||Amar dhahr almlhm 12090|
|Izzo Hussain Melhem||Izzo Hussain al-Melhim 85171 - FE - Sultanieh massacre. documented in 26/06/2013 - photo||n/a||n/a?|
|Mohammad Hussain Melhem||Mohammad Hussain al-Melhim 85354 - FE - Sultanieh Massacre. Documented in 28-06-2013 - photo - dated 3/1||n/a||n/a?|
|Olyd Melhem||n/a?||n/a||Olyd almlhm 12091|
|Sadallh Melhem||Sadallah al-Mulhem 10325 - FE - al-Sultania Massacre - dated 3/26||n/a||Sadallh almlhm 12089|
|Abu Samer Melhem||Abu Samer Al-Melhim 10297 - FE - In Sultanieh massacre - dated 3/26||n/a||Samr abomlhm 12092|
|Khalid Ahmed Al-Mussaitif||Khalid Ahmed Al-Mussaitif 8920 - age 22 - FE - Sultanieh massacre||Khald ahmd almsyttf 12087 - age 22|
|Khaled al-Raay||Khalid al-Raee "child-male" - 15275 - - FE - al-Sultania Massacre - Dated 3/26||n/a||Khald alraay 12084|
|Wife of Khaled al-Raay||Wife of Khalid al-Raee "child-male" - 10322 - - FE - al-Sultania Massacre - Dated 3/26||n/a||..... ..... female - 12079 - "wife of martyr Khaled al-Raay"|
|Son of Khaled al-Raay||Son of Khalid al-Raee "child-male" - 10329 - FE - al-Sultania Massacre - Dated 3/26||n/a||..... khald alraay 12083 - age 10 - Son of the martyr Khaled Al-Raay|
|Father of Khaled al-Raay||Abu Khalid Al-Raie 10302 - FE - al-Sultania Massacre - Dated 3/26||n/a||..... khald alraay 12081 - Father of the martyr Khaled Al-Raay|
|Kholud: Wife of Father of Khaled al-Raay||Kholud, Wife of Abo Khalid al-Raee 15276 - FE - al-Sultania Massacre - Dated 3/26||n/a||Khlod ..... 12080 - Mother of the martyr Khaled Al-Raay|
|Daughter of Fahter of Khaled al-Raay||http://www.vdc-sy.info/index.php/en/details/martyrs/10296 adult-female - 10296 - Field Execution - Dated 3/26||n/a|| female, no age given - 12082 - "daughter of the martyr Khaled al-Raay"|
|Amer Omar Sabouh||Amer Omar Sabouh 8928 - shelling||Amer Omar Sabboh||Aamr amr sboh 10132 - slit throat - Slaughtered at the hands of security|
|Abdel Basset Sabouh||Abdel Basset Sabouh 8929 - shelling||n/a||Baset Sboh 10133 - slit throat - Slaughtered at the hands of security|
|Abdel-Halim Sabouh||Abdel-Halim Sabouh 8930 - shelling||Abdul Halem Sabboh||Abdalhlym sboh 10134- slit throat - Slaughtered at the hands of security|
|Abdel-Hamid Sabouh||n/a||Abdul Hameed Sabboh||Abdalhmyd sboh 10135 - slit throat - Slaughtered at the hands of security|
|Abdul Nasser Sabbouh||Abdul Nasser Sabbouh 8939 - shelling||Abdul Nasser Sabboh||Abdalnasr sboh 10137 - slit throat - Slaughtered at the hands of security|
|Abdul Rahman Sabouh||Abdul Rahman Sabouh 8932 - shelling||Abdul Rahman Sabbo||Abdalrhmn sboh 10136 - slit throat - Slaughtered at the hands of security|
|Obeida Nazir Salem||Obeida Nazir Salem 8940 - age 27, married - FE - Massacre of the Sultanyieh||n/a||Abydh nthyr alsalm 12085 - age 27|
|Birri al-Shaqhabi||Birri al-Shaqhabi 8916 - FE - Massacre of the Sultanyieh||n/a||Bry alshqhby 12086|
|Abdul Salam al-Shaqhabi||Abdul Salam al-Shaqhabi - FE - Massacre of the Sultanyieh||n/a||n/a|
|Akram Suleiman||Akram Suleiman age 44 - FE - Sultanyieh||n/a||Akrm slyman 12095 - age 18|
|Mustafa Akram Suleiman||Mustafa Suleiman Akram 8952 - age 18 - FE - Sultanyieh||n/a||Msttfe slyman 12096 - age 27|
|Mahmoud Zoubi||Mahmoud Zoubi 8950 - shelling||Mahmoud Al-Zoobi||Mhmod alzaby 10121|
An exact tally is prevented by confused entries among those named Suleiman are only two distinct names but three ages given. So there's a possibility of as few as two victims plus some goof-ups, up to four victims recorded in a fragmentary way. Melhem, on the other hand, could be 6 or 7 men, probably 7. So the total number of victims recorded in these opposition sources is a range of 38-41 executed people, with 1-2 children, 2-3 women, and the remaining 34-37 being adult males.--Caustic Logic (talk) 03:33, 30 December 2013 (UTC)
From the reports and this table, we can see the differences between two main groupings, put forth as, and might well be, two different massacres of 17 and 14-18 victims each.
- One set is apparently in Baba Amr, reported by LCC, 17 killed "after the withdrawal of the free Syrian army from Baba Amro,"  by "shelling" per VDC, a "massacre," per LCC, by "thugs ... break[ing] into houses, farming area, and orchards on the outskirts of the neighbourhood," or, per Syrian Shuhada, by "slit throat ... at the hands of security." Rebels still got the bodies.
- Another, more vague pool, is largely noted later, "field executed" per VDC and labeled as "Massacre of the Sultanyieh." 11 martyrs among the larger pool have a variation of the Sultaniya massacre label - all those named Melhem, Suleiman, Ibrahim, Shaqhabi, Mussaitif, or Salem.  Syrian Shuhada lists most of these but gives no details. LCC's dispatch made no mention of these victims or a massacre in Sultaniya.
So ... is it one or two? Similarities: Baba Amr-listed adult males of a few families, executed in Baba Amr and/or south of there, where rebels had access, on about the same day. With Baba Amr's rebel brigades, their weapons, hostages, etc. all scattered, offing hostages in two areas at once is more likely than usual, with or without a central order connecting the crimes. But the division into two groups could also be nothing more than a more publicized half of a rebel massacre vs. the other half - and either way for easier labeling, it will all stay under the one name.
The families of note appear in both sets; Note that the Sabouh family/clan/name took the biggest recorded loss, with a clear six martyrs, in the LCC/shelling half of the or perhaps tied with the Melhems. That family would be hit harder yet just a few days later, with a reported two-family massacre of 17 people in/from Baba Amr, named Sabouh, ranging in age from 85 down to 1. (see below: #Sabouh) Those named Melhem, generally added late or not at all, seem to be from a prominent Alawite family in Homs with a member in Syria's national parliament, Wael al-Melhem. He's accused of running a Shabiha-type family militia that's behind at least some of the Homs massacres. See below, #Melhem. As partly explained there, they too continued to take frequent martyrs before and after this event, which seems to be the single deadliest one for them. Suleiman too has a section below, empty now, and others may follow. --Caustic Logic (talk) 08:03, 28 December 2013 (UTC)
The victim Radwan Bittar is one of the several men who died with no family members joining them - in Homs. As for his extended family elsewhere in Syria, it might be notable that a Mohammed Byttar (Syrian Shuhada entry - same Arabic name) died the same day in Latakia, under torture. --Caustic Logic (talk) 11:36, 26 December 2013 (UTC)
- Implication for those less familiar - Latakia relatives suggests Bitar is quite likely an Alawite family, like the Melhems at least. Mr. Bitar is from the other set from them, the more public 17. If Alawites were singled out in both massacres, that would show the value of considering them together like we are.--Caustic Logic (talk) 09:09, 28 December 2013 (UTC)
Just after I moved this to the front page, thinking I had it together, wondering whether to start a new spot for two side-massacres of march 1 - I find the "Sltaniya massacre" is larger. VDC has the missing Melhems, all three, plus a Baba Amr family of four (one of my two side-massacres), and some others (unidentified men x3) I had found listed at Syrian Shuhada for March 1. But these are given various dates later in the month, even though they're labeled part of this massacre and clearly were dead (or well predicted!) by the 1st. I had only checked the right days, not all time, for the label. Here are all 23 Homs martyrs with "Sultan" in the notes (the oldest entry is a coincidence and doesn't fit). Note "child-male" is inaccurate in spots. Analysis/digestion later, but I think this makes a total of 42-44 or even more, including now children and women (two each, I think). --Caustic Logic (talk) 15:45, 29 December 2013 (UTC)
So... there are some side victims listed at Syrian Shuhada named Hamid (personal names unknown, given as ...), three named from alraay family (also ...), as well as two toal unknowns, ..... - one male and recorded early (10111) and one female and numbered 12079. I've found the entry 12099 is March 26, The Hamids we'll skip for now, but the Alraays appear on the expanded VDC list 6 times as Raie/Raee, with listing errors. Khalid, wife, son, daughter - Abu Khalid, and Kholud, Wife of Abo Khalid al-Raee. All are dated March 26, which seems wrong. Shuhada listed them as March 1, but not on March 1 - they all have later numbers in the 12080 range when March 1 was in the 10100s. The unidentified female seems to be reported with the Alraays, to match the VDC report of six members. These were reported in a batch of updates around March 25/26, by entry 12099, March 26.
To the VDC expanded list - Besides the bottom entry, the three unidentified males near the top also do not fit here, from Kafr Aya. killed in Sultaniya separately in June, 2012. But this expansion verifies the al-Raays, deaths dated at time of inclusion (March 26) and the other Melhems (also dated March 26), plus there's yet another Melhem everyone missed somehow: Mohammad Hussain al-Melhim "Sultanieh Massacre. Documented in 28-06-2013" but given the right date, March 1. That will be seven Melhems, I think. Table update next. --Caustic Logic (talk) 02:30, 30 December 2013 (UTC)
March 27 Massacre Special Workspace
It took me a while to spot it, but this seems to be 2013's answer to the Sultaniya Massacre - some 58 civilians, men and several women, apparently no children, but several elderly (up to 98 - see Sharifa Bakkar), reportedly killed in Baba Amr just after the rebel defeat there. However, some were from a town south of Homs, and the details sound like a cross between the apparent hostage-slayings of the previous year, and the extra-brutal Abel Massacre of two days before this, in the towns south of Baba Amr (the last functioning rebel units had fled a government re-conquest, apparently to the south, on about the 24th).
- otherwise, moved to: Talk:Abel massacre#March 27 Massacre
Apologies for all the small, jerky edits here. I've been a bit confused but it matters less as the pages start taking shape. Here's one thing, a helpful spot for cross-massacre and side information on family names that pop up as needing it. --Caustic Logic (talk) 12:56, 17 December 2013 (UTC)
- Abbas: Named as one of the local Alawite/Shabiha families whose bloodthirsty men carried out the April 10 Qaddour Family Massacre - several of the victims of the Suleiman Family Massacre a year earlier had the name Abbas mixed, apparently by intermarriage, with Suleiman. Otherwise, I haven't spotted Abbas, or watched for it, much. --Caustic Logic (talk) 02:55, 2 January 2014 (UTC)
- Al-Abrash: a family targeted in December, 2011. See here
- Alloush: (Arabic: علوش )
- Chuirtani - (Arabic: شويرتاني) Eight men abducted and executed in December 2011
- Ibrahim: (Arabic: الابراهيم ) A common name, it seems to be easily the single-most common name - especially if from Tartous province - in the VDC list of "regime casualties" executed by rebels. Sometime at least a Christian name: Syrian Orthodox Bishop Mar Gregorios Yohanna Ibrahim was abducted by Islamists in April 2013 and still has not been released.
- Kanaan: (alt: Canaan) Appears on some victims of the Suleiman Family Massacre, April 2012
- Khedr: wife of the Mohammed family killed 1-30-2012, and factory owner targeted in Houla, November 2011.
- Mahbani: VDC lists 35 victims including 28 members killed in the Haswiyeh Massacre, three in the Khalidiya Massacre, a female member in the Feb. 7 Sebil-Cairo Street Massacre, and one strange source (un-supported but a supposed eyewitness) suggests a "Mahabna" family was massacred in the Deir Baalba Massacre. The VDC lists one Homs martyr with the letter sequence 'habn' in the name, and it's one of the Haswiyeh victims goofed-up a bit.
- Mando: See below
- Melhem: see below
- Al-Raay: (alt: Raie/Raee) (Arabic: الراعي )
- Al-Rifaee: 20 unnamed family members killed in a massacre of 3-8-2012
- Shahada: (Arabic: شحادة )
- Shaar (alt? Shiar) (Arabic: شعار )
- Suleiman: see below
- Tahhan 16 unnamed family members killed in a massacre of 3-8-2012
- Unknown: It's potentially interesting when they don't know or don't say the victim's name.
- Yazagi: A prominent Christian name in Syria, sometime at least a Christian name: Greek Orthodox bishop Boulos al-Yazigi was abducted by Islamists in April 2013 and still has not been released. At least two Christian Yazagis were killed in the Marmarita Massacre of 8-17-2013.
This is a name I had started paying attention to. An LCC report from early December 2011 (see here) mentioned a factor in the tit-for-tat killings between the Sunni and Alawite communities of Homs "the armed group belonging to a member of Parliament and Wael Al - Melhem." I'm just now piecing together the rest of just why this name matters, suspecting a family militia (alleged if not real) to help explain all the dead Melhems I've been seeing. Was a good search. I was trying to take a break from digging up more massacres for the timeline, but one more popped out of this search (March 1, Sultaniya). --Caustic Logic (talk) 12:14, 20 December 2013 (UTC)
Some snippets from a Google search for English sources: "#Homs province, 13-12-2013: This elderly lady, Jamila Melhem (a.k.a. Umm ..." - "Assembly member Wael Melhem called for improving health services in Homs ..." - "...after being delivered toxic materials from parliamentarian Wael Melhem..." There seemed to be little of relevance to my purpose coming through in English, so I tried Arabic, where Arabs speak more freely. It's a pain, I don't dig real deep. But here's enough, Google translated snippets: 29 March 2012, the Syrian Revolution
- ...arrested system intellectuals opposed to his policies for years long ( 5 to 15 years ) , such as Aref Dalila and ... and some of them made their arrest during the revolution , and not without arena of activists Alawites participants in the revolution , most of whom had been arrested some of them did not come out so far , including Dr. Ali Melhem and Dr. Mansour Al-Ali, ... ... the Alawites ( Mansoor Ali - Mahmoud Issa - Naif Salloum - Ali Melhem - destroyed Solomon )
- - Armed militias :
- Where they were recruiting many of the militias months of the revolution , such as the militia led by Ramiz Akkari ( عكاري ) a well-known personalities of smuggling arms and drugs , has been used militia to suppress the demonstrations in Bab Sbaa , and there are many other militias led by people trusted by the system , such as organic Parliament Wael Melhem and Firas edging ( هدبة = Hadbah?) and these militias are funded directly by Rami Makhlouf .
The names of the perpetrators of the massacre of the grove (Karm al-Zaytoun - which massacre?) in Homs:
- Issa Hassan Ammar
- Tim Issa Hassan
- Ahmad and news (Abu continued)
- Haitham Darwish
- Abdul Aziz rox
- Ngor Mohammed and his brothers
- Wael Melhem and his brothers
So that's the set-up - Wael and his Alawite family-based militia is behind the slaughter of Sunnis in Homs. Next is where they get the pre-arranged and genocidal revenge.
I'll scan my partial regime forces VDC list, but the site doesn't let you check by name. There are some on that side. As for martyrs, there are different spellings of the name except in Arabic (aside from errors). So I checked in that and found 66 entries with rightly-spelled ملحم in the name. Not all are even of a same-named family - some (like the oldest entry) have it as a first name. But most of these seem to be murdered members recorded here. Some samples:
- Most recent: Dec. 12 '13: Jameleh Milhem AF Homs Hosen Castle Martyred by regime forces's gunfire from one of the checkpoints , called Em Faysal Marza https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WP2srAwLEa8
- One in Hama, former military, apparent deserter, or abducted too long to show up for service, but not claimed as defector: Shadi Abdel Elah al-Molhim, civilian, AM, Hama: Lattamna. Date of death: 2013-07-27: Martyrdom location: (blank) Cause of Death: Detention - Torture. Rank: (blank). Notes: It is noteworthy that the martyr refused to attend the mandatory service in the regular army and was arrested a year and a half ago during one of the raids suffered by the city,documented on 27/09/2013 / / / date / inaccurate
- Most recent Homs child: April 11, '13: Anas Mahmoud al-Moulhem Child-Male, Date of death: 2013-04-11. Martyrdom location: Homs: Qusair: Arjoun. Cause of Death: Shooting. Funeral Procession: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ie87HOz-yi4
- Earliest Melhem martyrs: Issa Abdel Khaleq Al Melhem AM, civilian, age 65. From Daraa: Hara. Died 2011-11-18, by shooting. Notes: "killed while leaving the mosque after friday prayer" Video of the martyr: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OBWu0AethYE Video of the martyr http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=O77ncyutIV4 Video of the martyr http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BqIp8z2AB8E Video of the martyr http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=55Uk8U4ZAys
- Essa Abdul Rahman Al-Melhem from Idlib, Ma'arat al-Nu'man, AM civilian, killed 2012-2-21.
Notes: "Three bullets in the chest" Funeral Procession http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=c2ybJnTB-vA&w=480&h=315 Video of the martyr http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=redxJxaKa7o
- March 1, 2012 - three at once in the Sulataniya Massacre: Izzo Hussain al-Melhim (photo) Baba Amr Date of death 2012-03-01 Cause of Death Field Execution. Notes: Sultanieh massacre. documented in 26/06/2013.
More suggestive groupings like that x3 incident suggest more of the same for the Melhems on that list of 66: March 26 two killed, May 15 x 2, 2 more June 9 and 10, July 23 x 2, Dec 15 x2, two more on Dec 28 and 29, and another 2 on March 27, 2013. (some details later) --Caustic Logic (talk) 12:14, 20 December 2013 (UTC)
- Update: the 3-Melhm massacre is a seven-Melhem massacre. --Caustic Logic (talk) 04:17, 2 January 2014 (UTC)
Aqrab Massacre Melhems
Aqrab, Hama province, December 10, 2012: rebels cleansed the Alawite district and blamed the "Shabiha" victims. The men of a Jubeili family get the brunt of the blame, but one Melhem, obviously of the normal Alawite sort rebels cleanse, is also named in this Arabic report.
- But shabeeha and them (Abu Ali Ismail Jubeili) and (just Jubeili) and (Sort S (?) Melhem) and two others are beginning to realize the seriousness out people rushed to kill intermediaries year (Sheikh Ali Age and Sheikh Saado Hammash and retired Colonel Shaker Akash) and killed enthusiasts out by firing squad or throwing bombs Aledioah - as the novel, one of the survivors (or matter), and to shoot free Army elements who control the area and who have gone back to make room in the area for the people out safely and contentment. Then they blew up a gas cylinder ... --Caustic Logic (talk) 04:17, 2 January 2014 (UTC)
I had forgotten Aqrab Massacre page already cited him, plus another Melhem, from another Arabic source: "Solomon and Ammar Al-Melhem and Farzat and Mohammed Jubeili and Ahmed Faiz committed suicide to avoid being caught in the grip of the Free Syrian Army." Elsewhere, the guilty Shabniha were said to have escaped justice by running away never to be seen again. Like the Jubeilis, they were probably the armed defenders of their family and other remaining civilians, meaning quite likely a couple dozen Melhem civilians, including women and children, were among those behind them. Rebels reported those blown up by these same suicidal Shabiha husbands and fathers, but really we just don't know what the rebels did with them.--Caustic Logic (talk) 00:47, 19 January 2014 (UTC)
Rebel fighter Jamil Nadim al-Milhem from Homs, FSA, killed April 9 in Appil village (Abel?) and others like Ibrahim Ahed al-Molhem and Abu Molham. A photographer Ibrahim Tahir al-Melhim killed by shelling same day and place as Jamil, in Appil. A photo shows the top of his head from nose up and recognizable, the rest being elsewhere. A rebel activist photographer? A prisoner: Mouahmmed Radwan Milhem, died of tuberculosis in Aleppo Central Prison, December 27. Another, Farhan Nawras al-Milhem from Homs, was imprisoned and tortured several months, then released, but then died of an illness. " it is suspected that they gave him a poisoned blood Inject that made his health deteriorate after his release then death."
- Side note: Mohammad Rodwan Melhem died again, same place, same way, Jan. 3. Sometimes they list people twice (this is twice I've noticed it). It doesn't matter, just a little strange. --Caustic Logic (talk) 09:08, 4 January 2014 (UTC)
Hosin Castle Melhems
Of whichever persuasion, a number of Milhems must live in Hosen (Krak Des Chevalier), west of Homs, because a lot of them from there have died. Dia'a Abdullah al-Milhem is among 8 listed FSA guys from Hosen Castle, presumably along with some others, killed March 31, 2013 in the Damascus area by an ambush. Mahmoud Melhim, also FSA, was killed a week earlier. Between both town names, there are another three civilian Melhem martyrs.
- Hilal Ghasoub al-Milhem Adult Male - July 23, 2012 - shooting
- Jameleh Milhem Adult female - December 12, 2013 - shooting. Martyred by regime forces's gunfire from one of the checkpoints , called Em Faysal Marza. Video of the martyr https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WP2srAwLEa8
- Fatmeh Melhem Adult female - Dec 24, 2013 - shelling - Martyred due to regime's army shelling, called Em Jamal Ramdan Shawesh
Also Bittar, and other names like Muslmani, appear prominently and might be of interest.
In the early days, Burhan Ghalioun, a politician from Homs, was the elected head of the opposition SNC in Turkey. (Wikipedia entry) But he was controversial. Since November 2011 at least, he was criticized by babykillers in Homs for opposing foreign intervention and a "no fly zone" in Syria.
- April, 2012: Deir Baalba Massacre About a month prior to Ghalioun's resignation at SNC, the LCC was able to report two men named Ghalioun were among those killed in this murky string of violence. On the 6th of April, he activist Zahir Abo Ghilyoun" was "shot by a sniper," and on the 9th, or whenever, an Ibrahim Ghalioun was killed by shelling. Alleged witness "Abo Haitham" said that among the 2-300 people he saw executed, there was a whole family of Ghaliouns.
A month after these April killings, and a week before the Houla Massacre, Ghalioun resigned on May 17, 2012. The wikipedia article says: "When the Local Co-ordination Committees threatened to leave the SNC, however, Ghalioun resigned two days later, stating that he did not wish to be a "the candidate of division" He had just been re-elected by others in February, and re-affirmed on May 15.
- VDC-named Ghalioun martyrs, all (I found with a few spellings) - almost totally from Homs
- Ghazwan Ghalyoun Civilian Adult - Male Homs Enshaat 2011-10-16 Shooting
- Adnan Ghalyoun Civilian Adult - Male Homs Jub Al-Jendeli 2011-10-17 Shooting
- Zaher Abo Ghalion Civilian Adult - Male Homs Deir Baala 2012-04-06 Shooting
- Ibraheem Ghalion Civilian Adult - Male Homs Deir Baalba 2012-04-09 Field Execution
- Ahmad Galyon Civilian Adult - Male Damascus Suburbs Nabek 2012-10-13 Shelling
- Mohammad Tameem Zakaria Ghalioun Civilian Adult - Male Homs Jeb el-Jandali 2012-11-13 Shooting
- Najah Abd al-Qader Ghalyoun Civilian Adult - Female Homs Deir Baalba 2012-12-27 Shelling
- Ahmad Ghaliom "al-Zaem" Civilian Adult - Male Homs Tal Kalakh 2013-03-28 Shelling
- Abdul Salam Abdul Latif Abo Ghalion Non-Civilian Adult - Male Homs Qaryatain 2013-11-06 Shooting
- Ibrahem Hisham Ghalyon Civilian Adult - Male Homs Qaryatain 2013-11-25 Shelling
- Ayman Taher Ghalion Civilian Adult - Male Homs Bab Draib 2014-01-30 Shelling
This is a name I think will be trickier than some to map out usefully. It's either a common name or just common among those killed. I think it means the same as dervish, and seems to have victims all across Syria. Along with Melhems, there is a Haitham Darwish connected to Homs and blamed in part for "the massacre of the grove (Karm al-Zaytoun) in Homs source (Arabic)] There was a [Homs Massacres#Darwish Family Massacre|Darwish family - father, mother, son, and three daughters - massacred on/before Feb. 27, 2012. There is at least one Alawite Darwish family of some size that's from Latakia, losing several members dead or captive in the August, 2013 Latakia Massacres. And there are lots of Darwishes, men, soldiers, families and single children, who wind up dead in the LCC and VDC databses from various causes countrywide. It's not clear to me what real connections there are between all these but it's another name worth some space at least. --Caustic Logic (talk) 02:11, 22 December 2013 (UTC)
- Arabic list: http://syrianshuhada.com/?a=la&p=lastname&v=صبوح
- English: http://syrianshuhada.com/?lang=en&a=la&p=lastname&v=صبوح
All w/Homs = 43. 6 say military - عسكري which seems to mean rebel or proper military, if the latter is listed here (I'm not sure). In these cases, it seems to mean rebel Sabouhs, of the non-Salafist, once-military/paramilitary, maybe-still, shady "FSA" defector-turned-corpse - two appear in the Dec. 1 and Aug. 3 entries below. --Caustic Logic (talk) 12:36, 26 December 2013 (UTC)
From that, Homs Sabouh death dates of note, with number of martyrs:
- Feb 6, 2012 = 1 (earliest)
- Feb 21 = 3
- March 1 = 6 ("Sultaniya Massacre")
- March 6 = 17 (aged 1 to 85) Syrian Shuhada: "Neighborhood of Death: groves Baba Amr ... massacre that left 17 martyrs of Al Sabouh
- July 16 = 1 Samer Mohammed Soboh Notes: "displaced from Baba Amr neighborhood in Damascus, was shot dead by troops of the regular army"
- Sept 26 (with two other men) Hassan Abdulkarim Sabouh (apparently in Jobar) Notes was executed on the ground by the forces of the Syrian army regulars. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ck9gz2qHrWQ (laid out with two other dead men, Waleed Shurbaji and Thier Shurbaji
- Dec 1: apparent rebel fighter? Hossam Sabouh - military - عسكري Notes "from the Champions secret recording of the battalion Huda Brigade right of the people of Homs martyr was the bravest of people were following Brigades Huda (secret recording)" Shown with weapons, paramilitary, no clear colors or badges for either side, but clearly sold as a rebel guy.
- March 27-31, 2013 = 9.
- Syrian Shuhada record - three killed March 31: Wild ( برية ) Ibrahim Sabouh - Female, 76 -Gunshot wound. Abdulkadir Omar Sabouh - Male, 86 - Gunshot wound. Abdulkadir picnic ( عبدالقادر ) Sabouh: Female - 51 -Gunshot wound.
- VDC record, two killed March 27: Abdelqader Omar Sabouh, 86 -
and Barya Ibrahim Sabouh, 76. 2013-03-27 -Field Execution - Notes: "A massacre made by the regime`s army in which tens were martyred and their bodies were mutilated, their house also has been burned."
- See above: March 27 (ish) massacre includes as many as nine Sabouh family members, out of 58 identified victims.
- August 3 = 4. Mustafa Abdul-Karim Sabouh, Male, Military - سرى (Ysra?) Abdulwahab Sabouh, female - Razan Mustafa Soboh, Female, age 10 - Susan Mustafa Soboh, female, age 10. All killed "Because of the bombing." VDC lists these too. The father: Moustafa Abdulkareem Sabbouh, listed as FSA (photos may be consistent). Notes: "known as Abo Malek, martyred with his wife and two of his daughters due to shelling by regime's army." Martyrdom location - Lebanon: Ersal. Cause of Death: Warplane shelling
Probably the second most common family name (after Ibrahim) among "regime fatalities," especially if from Tartous or Latakia. Deir Baalba Massacre, April 2012: 8 victims named Suleiman, 1 Sleiman, 5 Suleiman al-Abbas
This family is/will be mentioned prominently in at least two massacres covered here:
Further Mando Deaths (potentially related, not to be moved))
- An adult male of the Mando family was among those 100+ civilian males killed in the Khalidiya Massacre by "shelling" on February 3/4.
- Five Mendos: Three killed in two areas of Homs, Oct. 16 and 17, 2011. In June, 2012, a man in Homs, a woman in Douma, Damascus. The name does appear among martyrs, including rebel fighters, from Douma.
- 32 martyrs named Mando, Mandou, and Mandow (plus 12 unrelated names, mostly an ill-fated Hamandoush one in Aleppo). From this:
- Saber Mando was one of the few people killed by the alleged December 23, 2012 chemical attack in Homs. Another Mando, who'd been kidnapped, was executed eight days later.
- Three Mandos, two women and a man, died in Zamalka from the Aug. 21 gas attack. Otherwise the name does not comes up connected with Zamalka.
The following map gives the range of districts in Homs as I could assemble it this early. The borders and labels are all per Wikimapia, some with ssome translation or shift to a spelling I'm using. I'm finding it useful enough to place things I run across, even with different spellings. Some borders left out for readability. --Caustic Logic (talk) 11:34, 12 December 2013 (UTC)
Color-coding: I felt compelled to color something, even though I don't have enough data yet to make some kind of demographic or protest-density infographic. Red clearly is the rebel hotbed, clearly visible. Purple = the big distruicts, somewhere ion which, the bigger massacres of February and March reportedly happened. Otherwise, blue = district as outlined on Wikimapia (note discontinuous al-Wa'er to the west) and green = outlying village, or green belt, depending. al-Sitteen street is a place cited where bodies were often dumped after murky assassinations. Different and more useful color-coding possible in time. --Caustic Logic (talk) 11:36, 12 December 2013 (UTC)
Broader area map: The are shaded yellow and towns in it should be included here, I think. Surrounding areas with pages in green (Houla) orange (Qusayr) and red (Rastan). --Caustic Logic (talk) 13:58, 13 December 2013 (UTC)
- Moved from Talk:Early December, 2011 Sectarian Killings in Homs, might be moved to the overall Homs page when that's created) --Caustic Logic (talk) 03:28, 22 December 2013 (UTC)
Which district had what kinds of mixes of people at the outset seems hard to pin down. I have a few sources that had word hits I intend to check into. --Caustic Logic (talk) 12:10, 2 November 2013 (UTC)
- Reuters, June 19, 2012
- Alawite Dilemma in Homs (PDF)
- Al-Arabiya, June 19, 2012: [http://www.alarabiya.net/articles/2012/06/19/221503.html Alawite fortress and Sunni wasteland in Syria’s Homs
- Syrian Observer
- The neighborhoods of Akrama, Zahra’a, Nouzha and Assabil in Homs are considered loyal to Syrian President Bashar al-Assad’s regime since most of their residents are Alawite, along with a small number of Sunni and Christian residents. This demographic mix predates the start of the uprising, and a lot of Sunni families left these neighborhoods due to sectarian tension and the precarious security situation. This has also led some Alawite residents to leave and settle in safer areas in the Homs countryside.
- Fady, 30, an opposition media activist in Homs, says that the bombings he witnessed in Akrama and Zahra’a only constitute a tiny percentage of the regime attacks on the city’s opposition neighborhoods. ... the opposition’s shelling of the pro-regime ares is reactionary and follows a policy based on a balance of fear. “I am against this and I would have wished that some of the factions would not replicate the regime’s behavior,” he said.
- ...the shelling that targets areas regarded as loyal to the regime affects families from several sects, and includes children who are clearly not thugs assisting the government’s security forces. “Dozens of locally made rockets have fallen on Akrama and Zahra’a and Nouzha on the pretext that they are loyal to the regime,” says Rabih, 25. He points to a house belonging to a Christian family in Akrama that was practically demolished after rockets landed on it. “A whole family was killed here, a father and mother and three children,” he said. “They had no investment in this war, they were not Alawites and were not against the revolution. Their only crime was that they were born in this neighborhood.” Hadeel, 32, a Sunni resident of the Akrama neighborhood, remembered the bombing of a school last May, and said she “hopes it never happens again.” 
One main issue is which are "Alawite" districts and which only had some Alawites. Christians and other target groups will matter. But really, this can't prove anything even if we had totally accurate demographic breakdowns. Each victims/family is its own and there can be some Sunnis in an Alawite area and vice-versa. But still, a rough guideline might help. I think this is best handled by district, for those that pop out with specifics. --Caustic Logic (talk) 03:28, 22 December 2013 (UTC)
- Zahraa: Wikipedia, Siege of Homs states for April 15, 2012 "SANA also reported that terrorists killed 12 civilians in the Alawite, pro-Assad, neighborhood of al-Zahra in what seemed like an FSA attack on the neighborhood." Cited is this CNN report that says no such thing at the moment. The attack will have its section, but the demographics are widely reported the same way. this Wall Street Journal piece (by Sam Dagher) describes "Al- Zahra, an Alawite neighborhood in Homs." Syria Observer lists it as Alawite majority and loyalist, alongside Akrama, Nouzha (Nizha) and Assabil (Sebil, al-Sebil, as-Sebil).  NYT June 10, 2012 has "There were also anti-Assad chants in Alawite neighborhoods like Zahra in Homs, like: “Bashar became a Sunni!” (Mr. Assad’s wife, Asma al-Akhras, comes from a prominent family of Sunni Muslims from Homs.)" (??) Al-Arabiya complains, also in June 2012, of Alawite fortress and Sunni wasteland in Syria’s Homs:
- “We’re always nervous, but we will stay and survive,” says Abu Ali, a 60-year old sitting in his mini market in the Alawite neighborhood of Zahra. “It is the Sunni areas that are empty - at least the ones that asked for ‘freedom’,” he said, referring to districts that backed the mainly Sunni Muslim uprising against Assad. --Caustic Logic (talk) 03:28, 22 December 2013 (UTC)
- Sebil: AKA as-Sabil, as Assabil it's listed alongside Zahraa, Akrama, and Nouzha as "considered loyal to Syrian President Bashar al-Assad’s regime since most of their residents are Alawite, along with a small number of Sunni and Christian residents." 
Army Presence in Homs
One of my goals here is to lay this timeline of atrocities out side-by-side with the timeline of military presence vs. pull-back in Homs. I've been vague on that. The Wikipedia page plus what I'm reading elsewhere help little. Altogether, so far, there's disagreement in the record as to when the army pulled out, how fully, and for how long. Locals in al-Bayada in late November at the time of the The Killing of Sari Saoud claim there was no army there, then, but that may have been a local pull-back of a case of posts chased away - there was a serious rebel offensive in the preceding days. It seems in early December Syria agreed to pull back from Homs, did so soon after, and by year's end activists and Arab League observers alike agreed there was at least no visual military presence there. Allegations of army this and army that, snipers, incursions, and of course distance shelling, continued all throughout.
Wikipedia's page does note: "On 23 January, a military officer at the main city hospital claimed to foreign journalists that rebels have taken control over two-thirds of the city with army casualties being at 4 to 5 dead and 10 to 50 wounded soldiers and security officials per day." Elsewhere on the page, it specifies "the killing of 10 Syrian Army soldiers at a checkpoint and the capture of 19 by the Free Syrian Army, during the night hours of 3 February and into the early hours of the following day," after which, "on the 30th anniversary of the Hama massacre, government forces began an artillery bombardment of Homs" that included whjat we call the Khalidiya Massacre.  When the army allegedly unleashed artillery on Khalidiya on the night of February 3, citizens reported a massive rebel offensive there, blowing up homes and massacring hostages. SANA reported these cries:
- “Had the army been here, our houses wouldn’t have been shelled and those innocent people wouldn’t have been killed,” said Da’d Darwish from Ikremah neighborhood, sobbing with fear and anger.
- The citizens called on the Syrian army to enter the city of Homs to protect them from the crimes of the armed terrorist groups that have been killing and abducting citizens and shelling the houses and neighborhoods.
It's not clear just when they came back in on this popular request, but it was by the 28th of February they announced the full re-conquest of Baba Amr, well on the path to re-securing all of Homs. I don't believe they ever did agree to a pull-out of that type, ever again. --Caustic Logic (talk) 14:57, 4 December 2013 (UTC) and --Caustic Logic (talk) 03:20, 22 December 2013 (UTC)
When it Happens in Iraq...
From today's news from Iraq:
- Iraq conflict: Sunni fighters 'control all of Fallujah' – BBC, 4 January 2014
- On Tuesday, he (Iraqi Prime Minister Nouri Maliki) agreed to withdraw the army from towns and cities in Anbar province, to allow police to resume control of security.
- But as soon as soldiers left their posts, militants aligned to al-Qaeda appeared in Ramadi, Fallujah and Tarmiya, storming police stations, freeing prisoners and seizing weapons.
- The prime minister reversed his decision the next day, sending soldiers back to Anbar.
- But on Thursday, militants in Ramadi and Fallujah raised black flags on buildings and used the loudspeakers of mosques to call on people to join their struggle and support a "peaceful takeover".
Hm. This is a good example, if more accute than Homs.
Side-note on the side-note: U.S. Senator John McCain "blalasts Obama" over this insurgent takeover, against a government aligned with Syria. He calls it predictable. Consider our destabilization of Syria, it is.
- Republican senators on Saturday blamed the Obama administration for Al Qaeda affiliates over-running parts of Iraq, including the city of Fallujah, which the United States secured before President Obama removed all U.S. forces from that country in 2011.
... at the same time it decided to overthrow the government next door, creating a vacuum that sucked in all contenders to replace it, like a modified al Qaeda in Iraq fired by doing Syria too. Sen. John McCain, Arizona, and Lindsey Graham, South Carolina, called the recent turn of events “as tragic as they were predictable” and suggested Obama misled Americans... McCain did not ... predicted the extremist takeover in Syria and pushed to keep them from being armed, learning from Obama's debacle destroying Libya:
- Oct. 2011 Last Friday’s demonstrations (in Syria) called for such a no-fly zone. Last week, after the success of military intervention in Libya, the former Republican presidential candidate, John McCain, became the first mainstream US figure to canvass the idea. One suggestion is that foreign air power could enforce some sort of enclave inside Syria which would become the country’s “Benghazi,” a base for operations against the government.
about a month after the U.S. ambassador was murdered there by militants, in Benghazi. The lessons are clear. Maybe he should've said the country's "Fallujah."
- John McCain (R., Ariz.). "It's just baffling to me how it's not in the U.S.'s interest to seek the removal of Bashar Assad."
- John McCain and Lindsey Graham, stopped short of endorsing direct US military involvement. "The United States doesn't have to directly ship weapons to the opposition, but there are a whole lot of things that can be done" through groups such as the Arab League, McCain told reporters on Sunday.
Also, private donors in the Gulf were more than willing to send weapons, and even helpfully pick the most serious fighting groups to get them. McCain himself met and vetted some of them in May, 2013 - sniffed out that they were sectarian Shia-kidnappers and got their funding cut off. If only people had listened to guys like him, all these radicals in Syria and Iraq (aka Islamic State of Iraq and al-Sham, to partner with the emirate of Barqa aka Benghazi) wouldn't have been as able to follow the predictable path to where we are. --Caustic Logic (talk) 01:29, 5 January 2014 (UTC)
- Syrian Network for Human Rights: The Societys Holocaust June, 2015 PDF link - my ongoing review at Monitor on Massacre Marketing blog. It was publicized with an article in the Daily Beast on June 19, by total chance I guess the day after I posted this Homs Massacres summary post on the just re-named MMM blog.
The SNHR report lists 69 sectarian or ethnic cleansing massacres in Syria from 2011 to the present, by both sides. It says 49 of these w. --ere by government-Alawi-Shia ("local") forces, and killed 98% of civilian victims, who were like 90% Sunni. 22 of the 49 massacres are in Homs district. 14 of these I had covered here, 8 were new to me. At the review post, I link to these as I cover them, about one a day recently for five down. As usual, a smart reading suggests to a different degree that terrorist scumbags are actually behind each one of these. The next three, we'll see. I've also looked into some massacres they didn't cover and I didn't (2012 beheaded Alawi bus passengers story maybe pinned down here w/help), listed 19 of them there. Slowly adding this rush of new info to this page, but won't get much done this weekend. --Caustic Logic (talk) 13:24, 26 June 2015 (UTC)
- Wikipedia: Siege of Homs. This is a source I finally decided I should be checking with. It has a few things I didn't know and a good reference point in spot. With some edits, it could make a good opposition account of the siege of Homs. But as far as ginging a realistic view, as expected, it fails. I know it's editable but I imagine it's no small battle just to work in one or two factual counter-points. Anyway, I'll be citing it some here, as well as its sources directly sometimes. 
- Cite error: Invalid
<ref>tag; no text was provided for refs named
- Syria Today 18-8-2013 Local Coordination Committees in Syria. Posted by abeer on August 18th, 2013
- Final death toll for Saturday 17/08/2013 Syrian Observatory for Human Rights, Facebook post, August 18, 2013
- Syrian rebels kill 11, mainly Christians, in checkpoint attack Reuters, BEIRUT Sat Aug 17, 2013 6:24pm IST (Reporting by Dominic Evans; Editing by Alison Williams)
- "Baba Amro: Massacre in the neighbourhood by Assad thugs on 29-02-2012" (three-part series of Youtube videos) part 1 - part 2 - Part 3 Uploaded March 3, 2012 by Gayeth Saleh
- Syria News - March 1, 2012 (Warning: Graphic Videos)Local Coordinating Committes, via Uruknet, March 1, 2012
- Syria News - March 3, 2012 (Warning: Graphic Videos)Local Coordinating Committes, via Uruknet, March 3, 2012
- all Homs martyrs, Feb. 29/March 1 2012, area Baba Amr = 29 total Center for Documentation of Violations in Syria, Martyrs database, accessed December 25, 2013
- 11 martyrs with "Sult" in the notes field, Baba Amr, Feb. 29-Mar. 1, 2012. Violations Documentation Center query, Dec. 27, 2013
- 24 Homs martyrs with "Sultan" in the notes field, 20 being of this massacre. Violations Documentation Center query, Dec. 27, 2013
- All martyrs March 1, 2012 Syrian Shuhada database, accessed December 25, 2013
- Alawite Families in Homs “Between the fire of the opposition and the fire of the regime” Syrian Observer, Wed 24 July 2013, By Damascus Bureau (a civil society website)
- Siege of Homs Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Accessed December 3, 2013