Operation Euphrates Shield

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Source: @EuphratesShield on Twitter


At 4 am on August 24, 2016 Turkey launched a military incursion into Syria. The invasion was named Operation Euphrates Shield. Speculation about the operation had started already in February 2016.

Jarablus battlefield
Frontlines Aleppo North-Eastern Countryside

Sources

  • Turkish Military Begins Major Offensive Into Syria in Fight Against ISIS - New York Times, August 24, 2016
    The operation, clearing the way for a force of about 500 Syrian rebels to take the border town, represented a significant escalation of Turkey’s role in the fight against the Islamic State, also known as ISIS and ISIL. But it also seemed as much about containing the territorial ambitions of Syrian Kurdish militias, which Turkey sees as its primary enemy in the conflict and which were poised to move against Jarabulus.
    Mr. Biden addressed those concerns at a news conference after his meeting with Mr. Erdogan, saying the Syrian Kurds, an American ally in the fight against the Islamic State militants, would have to withdraw to the eastern side of the Euphrates River.
    “We have made it clear to Kurdish forces that they must move back across the river,” he said. “They cannot and will not get American support if they do not keep that commitment. Period.”
  • Hurriyet daily news, August 24, 2016
    The Turkish military launched the Jarablus operation against “terror organizations such as Daesh and the PYD,” President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan has said, warning that threats from the latter will be responded to in kind.
Photo: Soldiers of the Turkish Land Forces engaged in intense firefights when entering Syria to dislodge the Islamic State from the border city of Jarablus.
  • Breaking: Turkish tanks enter northern Aleppo - Leith Fadel, al Masdar News, August 24, 2016
  • US to provide air cover for Turkish, Syrian forces in Jarabulus - Leith Fadel, al Masdar News, August 24, 2016
  • MILITARY ANALYSIS: HOW BIG IS TURKISH INVASION FORCE FOR SYRIA? - SouthFront, August 24, 2016
  • According to Anadolu Agency one FSA member died in the taking of Jarablus. No casualties in the Turkish Army.
  • A critical look on video snippets of the liberation of Jarablus as broadcasted by Anadolu Agency.
  • ANHA, August 24, 2016
    In response to this statement, in which Erdogan and Yildrim showing their intention against Syrian people, some of the factions withdrew from this operation, while just some groups such as : Sultan Murad, Al Feteh army, Al Nusra Front(changed its name to Fateh Al Sham front now), Ahrar Al Sham and Nour Al-dien Zenki are taking part in the operation according to YPG.
  • Turkey deploys more tanks in Syria, warns Kurdish YPG, Aljazeera, August 25, 2016
    Turkey sent more tanks into northern Syria ...and demanded that the YPG retreat to the east side of the Euphrates within a week. The Kurdish militia had moved west of the river earlier this month as part of a US-backed operation, now completed, to capture the city of Manbij from ISIL.
    (YPG) is one of the most powerful rebel groups in Syria and regarded as the backbone of the Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF), a US-backed alliance formed last October to fight ISIL.
    Turkish Defence Minister Fikri Isik said preventing the Kurdish PYD party - the political arm of the YPG - from uniting Kurdish cantons east of Jarablus with those further west was a priority.
  • Vladimir Putin had a telephone conversation with President of Turkey Recep Tayyip Erdogan, August 26, 2016
haberturk.com, August 26, 2016
  • ISIS recaptures Al-Rai following massive attack - Izat Charkatli, al Masdar News, August 27, 2016
    The Islamic State’s tactical withdrawal from the Jarablus region of Aleppo allowed for the terror group to alocate many fighters for the capture of Al-Rai and its surrounding region as Kurds and Turkish-backed jihadists fight viciously against each other along the Turkish-Syrian border.
  • Turkey Intensifies Airstrikes on US-Backed Kurdish Forces Along Syrian Border - Sputnik, August 28, 2016
    Kurdish YPG forces aligned with the United States in the fight against Daesh (ISIS) are now being mowed down by Turkey as American forces are left to look on and watch.
  • "Pentagon calls on Turkey and Syrian Kurds to stop fighting', Washington Post, August 29, 2016
  • Jarablus MC: Ceasefire doesn't mean we accept the Turkish occupation, Firat News Agency, August 31, 2016
    "With the mediation of the US-led international coalition, we declared a ceasefire with Turkish military to stop the ongoing bloodshed and ensure the security of civilians. This ceasefire is recognized between our forces near Sajur River and occupant Turkish army. The parties that became a part of the efforts for ceasefire wish the permanency of the truce. We declare hereby that the ceasefire doesn't mean we accept the Turkish incursion into Jarablus."
  • WARNING GRAPHIC CONTENT: First moments a suicide attack hit Syrian border-town - Zen Adra, al Masdar News, October 6, 2016
    Up to 36 people were killed, dozens others injured as a suicide blast rocked a Syrian border-town with Turkey. Social media activists confirmed that most of the killed in Atmeh crossing border are militants fighting under the anti-ISIS, Turkish-backed Operation Euphrates Shield, including Ahrar al-Sham military commander Hisham Khalifah, and head of Supreme Judiciary Authority in Aleppo, Khalid al-Sayyed.

Reports of civilian casualties

  • August 27, village Til-Emarne 8 km south of Jarablus, "many" civilians killed and wounded by artillery and warplane fire
  • August 28, village Bir Al-Kûsa 13 km south of Jarablus, 20+ civilians killed and dozens wounded by artillery and warplane fire
  • August 28, village Sirêsat east of Bir Al-Kûsa, "tens" of civilians "massacred" by artillery and warplane fire
  • August 29, "dozens of villages" north of Sajur river targeted by artillery, incl. Dandania where five civilians including three children die. The village was allegedly attacked with chemical weapons on August 25.

Turkey attacks Kurds

Reactions

  • World Bulletin Foreign ministries of Germany, France voice guarded support for Turkish moves against terrorists
  • DIPLOMATIC REACTIONS TO TURKISH INTERVENTION IN SYRIA - SouthFront, August 24, 2016
  • Syrian Foreign Ministry says Turkey violates country’s sovereignty, TASS, August 24, 2016
  • TASS, August 24, 2016
    Moscow is deeply worried over the ongoing events in the area of the Syrian-Turkish border," the Russian Foreign Ministry said. "First and foremost very worrisome is the risk of a further deterioration of the situation in the zone of the conflict, including the possibility of civilian casualties it may entail and the soaring inter-ethnic contradictions between the Kurds and the Arabs."We are certain that the Syrian crisis can be settled exclusively on the firm basis of international law, through a wide intra-Syrian dialog encompassing all ethnic and religious groups, including the Kurds, on the basis of the Geneva communique of June 30, 2012, Resolution 2254 and other decisions by the UN Security Council, adopted at the initiative of the International Syria Support Group,
  • Statement by KONGRA-GEL (People's Congress of Kurdistan), August 26, 2016:
    Panicked in the face of the SDF forces' advance to the north after the Manbij victory, Turkish state took over Jarablus from ISIS in an arranged act, and handed it over to the FSA gangs affiliated to itself. The ISIS that resisted SDF forces for 75 days in Manbij, handed Jarablus over to FSA gangs guided by Turkish special forces in two hours. In other words, Turkish state did its mission of handover between gangs affiliated to itself without any clashes taking place. Even this single incident itself reveals the organic tie between Turkey and ISIS.

Warnings

13.9.2016 Syrian Army threatens to retaliate against any unauthorized Turkish aircraft, Almasdar News.

Analysis

See also