Douma Market Attack, August 2015

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On Sunday, August 16 a reported 112 civilians were killed, activists reported, after missiles from a Syrian military jet hit a public market at mid-day, with two strikes, one after rescue workers arrived. It's been described as one of the deadliest single jet strikes of the war, and widely blamed on the Syrian government. However, as usual, the details of this case are worth a closer look.

For further details and discussion, see the talk page. (To see what is hot, see recent changes)

Victims

There are various opposition-supplied lists of the victims cited around, but the fullest seems to be this updated list of 117 victims in the VDC martyrs database. Like the other lists, this shows a peculiar and obvious pattern; 109 of those who died are listed as adult men (the others being 5 boys and 3 women). This remains to be explained. Some suggest the dead are primarily rebel fighters killed in an airstrike somewhere else. But Monitor on Massacre Marketing (ACLOS-affiliated) suggests the men are likely kidnapped civilians the Islamist rebels executed.

Locations

Douma Market Plumes 1.jpg
Douma MA Smoke LoS.png
Douma MA strike areas.png
Just how widespread the damage was can be established somewhat from the visual record. Initial reports described an attack on a vegetable market and, as a later report said vaguely, the alleged airstrikes also hit "other residential areas during rush hour." Ayman Abu Anas, a Local Coordination Committee founder, "told NBC News that around 9 missiles had hit the market and the wounded had overwhelmed local hospitals." Human Rights Watch heard there were four attacks that "hit the crowded markets, known locally as the al-Hal, al-Houboub, and al-Ghanam markets," all of which "are within 500 meters of one another." The inset photo, taken by opposition activists shortly after the attack, shows four distinct, high-rising plumes of smoke.

From the video and photo evidence, four distinct but nearby strike areas can be discerned (with other sites less clear, perhaps nearby or perhaps additional attacked areas). An analysis of the photo above and a later image establishes a likely field of view across Douma, and clarifies that the four clouds of smoke line up roughly with these four areas, from east to west:

  1. ) 'park market' (minor street market at a fenced park, with food carts and stalls
  2. ) an intersection with low-level buildings destroyed and some vehicles flipped
  3. ) a market labeled on Wikimapia as el-Hal, with produce in bulk, open stalls on both sides (Wikimapia currently lists at least two public market areas in Douma, commercial market (irrelevant) and el-Hal.)
  4. ) a large steel-framed building that could be a market.

Most of these are in a district labeled (on Wikimapia) for the SE thoroughfare Lane of Arabs ( حارة العرب ) Impact 4 is not clearly placed but deduced by the smoke plumes and pattern of the other three blasts - each 155 meters east-southeast of the last (describing a possible arc of attack), and with a video showing a strike on a building totally consistent with this one. The grisly post-attack scene shown in video MB1 is consistent with and probably is el-Hal market. The second market area (seen in video MD1) is park market. A photograph on Twitter shows this area from above, with a damage pattern suggesting a firing origin to the south.

In the intersection attack, it seems some low-lying buildings were destroyed, perhaps the epicenter of damage (bottom image), but otherwise it seems no inhabited structures were seriously damaged.

The image at right is a still from a later video DE2 (see list below) facing north-northeast, showing smoke dissipating, with distinct mountains in the background. Using Google Earth, the basic view of the mountains was set, along with filming location next to Fayha school of driving, and a line that the edge of the smoke should be on was drawn in towards the shadow of the plume on the mountain, but not right (later analysis suggests it should start a bit west of there and slope more to the east, and does not cross el-Hal market - but probably the 4th strike. Additional sources of smoke will be to the west but not to the east of that line. (see also Monitor blog)

It seems likely these are the only four clustered areas that were hit at this time; as the top image shows, with a full view of Douma, no substantial smoke is rising from any other area, unless it's behind that plume, on the same blocked line of sight. It's in this limited area opposition sources claim 550 were injured, including 220 children, and 100+ men died along with 3 women and 5 boys (or similar - record refinement is in progress).

The location of the gathered bodies of some 45 men and boys has also been decided. It's not a mosque but an Annatr school, formerly if not currently (here on Wikimapia). This lies 550 meters north of strikes 3 and 4, 700 meters from park market. The earlier views show at least 41 bodies of men and boys un-wrapped and then wrapped in the southeast dirt corner. Later afternoon views show at least 45 wrapped bodies ready for burial along the west wall.

Annatr school loc graphic.png

Sources

Critical Sources

Mainstream Media Reports


Syrian Response

  • RT The Syrian government on Tuesday blasted UN special envoy for Syria Staffan de Mistura for his criticism of the Sunday air attack. It accused him of abandoning “impartiality” and stated that his remarks were "biased and based on the inaccurate information spread by Syria’s enemies."

Videos

Attack/Aftermath

Video in Support of Jet Attack: nothing yet, and see big still below: no trace of jet, missile, or rocket trail to the north, northeast, or east. If one was in any other direction, they didn't bother showing it.)

Market (area) damage
Market Videos with Dead and Injured

Injured, elsewhere

Dead, elsewhere
Dead Elsewhere, Identified

(mostly or all published by (al-Mokhlas al-Amin?) ( المخلص الأمين ) - (victim names as given, and as translated, mostly by Google translate or by its audio)

9 0:16 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8pa9y9ydLMk Mohiuddin Naaman ( محي الدين نعمان ) (all visible from waist up except neck - no visible injuries)

Background