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See also Saudi Arabia attacks Yemen

Explainers of the recent history of the Yemeni conflict

Blumi, a lecturer in Turkish studies at Stockholm University, wants to upend the western and Arabic media narrative of the Yemen war. Instead of the “internationally recognised government of Abd Rabbuh Mansour Hadi” fighting “Iran-backed Houthi rebels” (AFP's favoured framing), the author describes a war with origins a century old that has little or nothing to do with Iranian expansion or terrorism, and everything to do with eliminating resistance to the western-backed Arab Gulf states.
To sum up, it is profoundly wrong to characterize the Yemeni conflict as sectarian or only as part of the proxy war between Saudi Arabia and Iran. At the same time, it is naive to neglect the importance of ideology – in this case, religion – in such a complicated conflict. The informal institutions set up by Zaydis and Shafi’is, like avoiding sectarian disagreements in public and avoiding referring to each other derogatorily, as a whole, were slowly disintegrated by Saudi’s forceful propagation of aggressive Salafism into Yemen since the early 1980s.

Strategic importance of the Bab al Mandab strait

Makeup of the coalition attacking Yemen

AFP photo of a member of the coalition at Red Sea Mills January 22, 2019

Decisive storm coalition 0.jpg

  • As recorded by the Yemen Data project the military coalition attacking Yemen is led by Saudi Arabia... also includes participation from the United Arab Emirates, Egypt, Morocco, Jordan, Sudan, Kuwait, Qatar and Bahrain. The military coalition is backed by the United States and the United Kingdom with the US providing intelligence and logistical support, and the US and UK also having their military personnel deployed in the Saudi command-and-control centre for coalition airstrikes.

French and Israeli presence has also been reported - see below.

Estimated death toll

Infographic from LCRD click for source

Who are the 'Houthis'?

Sayyed Abdulmalik Al-Houthi

Southfront Documentary

Allegations of Iranian backing

A number of experts believe that Iran’s financial assistance does not exceed 10-20 million dollars a year. It should be noted that the Islamic Republic’s capacity to provide assistance to Yemen is now limited, as Iran is also providing financial assistance, weapon and personnel to Hezbollah as well as to Shia militias in Syria and Iraq. Moreover, Yemen is currently under a sea and land blockade. Therefore, the possibilities to assist the Houthis are severely limited. Several Iranian vessels captured by the forces of the coalition in 2014 contained rockets for multiple rocket launchers, MANPADS, RPG-7 grenade launchers, explosives, cartridges, small arms and Iranian-made night vision devices.
“These constant reports that the Houthis are working for the Iranians are nonsense, but the view is right out of the neocon playbook,” he said. “The Israelis have been touting this line that we lost Yemen to Iran. That’s absurd. The Houthis don’t need Iranian weapons. They have plenty of their own. And they don’t require military training. They’ve been fighting Al-Qaeda since at least 2012, and they’ve been winning. Why are we fighting a movement that’s fighting Al-Qaeda?”

Reports of traffic from Iran

  • U.S. Navy says it seized weapons from Iran likely bound for Houthis in Yemen-Reuters, April 4, 2016
    U.S. Navy ships in the Arabian Sea intercepted and seized an arms shipment from Iran likely bound for Houthi fighters in Yemen, the military said...The weapons seized last week by the warships Sirocco and Gravely were hidden on a small dhow and included 1,500 AK-47 rifles, 200 rocket-propelled grenade (RPG) launchers, and 21 .50-caliber machine guns, according to the Navy statement...The boat, which the Navy described as stateless, and its crew were allowed to leave once the weapons were taken.
  • UN investigators check weapons seized by Navy warship, by Lolita C. Baldor, The Associated Press. Navy Times, October 25, 2018
    ...U.N. inspectors boarded the American guided-missile destroyer, to examine the more than 2,500 guns the crew seized in late August and determine if suspicions are true that the weapons originated in Iran. U.S. officials have long accused Iran of smuggling arms across the waters to Yemen’s Shiite Houthi rebels, who have held Yemen’s capital, Sanaa, since September 2014. But they have only managed to seize a handful of weapons caches in recent years, underscoring the difficulties in tracking down arms smugglers working the vast waters around Yemen. “It’s one big traffic corridor,” Vice Adm. Scott Stearney, commander of U.S. 5th Fleet, told reporters Thursday. “It’s not blocked, and it’s not just lines on a map that people don’t penetrate.”

Southern Secessionists

Moved to UAE Saudi proxy conflict: southern seperatists and Hadi government in exile

UAE role in Yemen

Moved to UAE in the Yemen conflict

Sudanese forces

The Saudis and UAE bribed Sudan's president to send Janjaweed fighters to be cannon fodder in Yemen. It's not working out.

US role in Yemen

UAE troops trained by USMC 2014
late last year, a team of about a dozen Green Berets arrived on Saudi Arabia’s border with Yemen, in a continuing escalation of America’s secret wars. With virtually no public discussion or debate, the Army commandos are helping locate and destroy caches of ballistic missiles and launch sites that Houthi rebels in Yemen are using to attack Riyadh and other Saudi cities.

US Senate Bills on military aid for Saudi Coalition

See also US role in Yemen

"are no United States military personnel in Yemen commanding, participating in, or accompanying military forces of the Saudi‑led coalition against the Houthis in hostilities in or affecting Yemen,” Trump wrote in his veto message.

Supply of weapons/European arms industry

Saudi Arabia and the UAE have used the US-manufactured weapons as a form of currency to buy the loyalties of militias or tribes, bolster chosen armed actors, and influence the complex political landscape
...between October and December 2015, at least four Boeing 747 cargo planes from the Azerbaijani company Silk Way, loaded with a cargo of bombs produced in the Domusnovas factory of RWM Italia in Sardinia, departed from the civil airport Elmas in Cagliari. The cargo landed at the Taif base of the Royal Saudi Air Force in Saudi Arabia.
The legal intervention calls for an investigation into the criminal liability of Italian authority UAMA that authorizes Italy’s armament exports, and of Italian armament manufacturer RWM Italia S.p.A.’s directors for armament exports to members of the Saudi-led military coalition involved in the conflict in Yemen
*Saudi ship facing arms protests leaves Spanish port ABC News May 13, 2019

German export ban to Saudi

Germany’s government is trying to halt weapons exports to Saudi Arabia after the killing of Saudi journalist Jamal Khashoggi in the Saudi consulate in Istanbul on Oct. 2, but Britain has urged the country to exempt big defence projects or face damage to its commercial credibility. developed jointly with other EU states, notably France and Britain, were excluded as the ban was extended.

UK role in Yemen

UK govt confirms it is storing and releasing for loading the weapons used by Saudi aircraft to bomb Yemen. Yemen is a British war and ministers are complicit in war crimes. The idea that UK is not part of the coalition is a fabricated lie that media is playing along with.
Graham Jones, a Labour MP and chair of the Commons committees on arms export controls (CAEC), also said that blame for the war in Yemen lay primarily with Iran, and not the west or Saudi Arabia.
A British former technician, stationed in Saudi Arabia until recently, told Channel 4 that if this support was withdrawn then “in seven to 14 days there wouldn’t be a jet in the sky” over Yemen. A former Saudi Air Force officer stated flatly that his compatriots “can’t keep the Typhoon in the air without the British”, and that, although US-supplied jets also play an indispensable role, the British Typhoon is so crucial that “without the Typhoon they will stop the war”.

Special Forces

The SAS is working alongside members of Operational Detachment Alpha, the primary fighting force for the Green Berets. Under US command, the heavily armed Special Forces team flew into Aden from Djibouti aboard a UAE Chinook helicopter and met UAE commanders before heading north-east in unmarked pick-up trucks.
The claims are politically difficult since ministers are eager to suggest that as the penholder on the Yemen issue at the United Nations, Britain is an honest broker in the civil war, which is now entering its fifth year since the Saudi air campaign started. The UK is known to be close to the Saudi military but denies it is involved in operations against the Houthis in Yemen.

Relationship with Saudi Arabia, BAE systems, arms industry

Mr Ethical on Twitter Theresa May's husband's company is the largest shareholder in BAE Systems, largest arms supplier to Saudi Arabia. Osborne's Blackrock is 5th.
BAE concerned that the continuing Saudi war, although justifiable, might be bad PR for their Saudi business partners,
  • February 2019: The UK defends its strategic partnership with Saudi Arabia and seeks with the US the removal of Saudi Arabia from a proposed EU money laundering blacklist. Brussels’ decision to include Riyadh has caused a spat between the commission and the EU’s biggest member states that are opposed to Europe taking a tougher stance against anti-money laundering than other global authorities. The Saudi government and its allies including the US have also lobbied Brussels to remove Riyadh from the list, said officials. 
  • Uprising Today: This could increase tensions between the kingdom and the EU, which has already called on its member states to halt arms sales to Riyadh over the murder of dissident journalist Jamal Khashoggi in the Saudi consulate in Istanbul in October.
  • UK's Saudi weapons sales unlawful, Lords committee finds The Guardian February 16, 2019
    • The Government asserts that, in its licensing of arms sales to Saudi Arabia, it is narrowly on the right side of international humanitarian law.’ But, the Committee members note, in their opinion, ‘Although conclusive evidence is not yet available, we assess that it [the Government] is narrowly on the wrong side: given the volume and type of arms being exported to the Saudi-led coalition, we believe they are highly likely to be the cause of significant civilian casualties in Yemen, risking the contravention of international humanitarian law.’The situation was discussed at the House of Lords.

French involvement


En continuant à vendre des armes à l’Arabie Saoudite, la France, le Royaume-Uni et l’Allemagne seraient complices de crimes de guerre au Yémen. Face au silence des gouvernements, enquête sur les dessous d’un trafic opaque et lucratif. and the DGSI Yemen papers leak

An unprecedented leak of secret documents has revealed the massive use of French-made weapons in the ongoing civil war in Yemen. Following several months of investigation, Disclose reports on how these weapons have been used against the civilian population.

Israeli influence?

Israël was the first state to recognîse Somaliland. Currently, this state is no longer recognised by anyone, but since 2010, it acts as an Israeli base to control the Bab el-Mandeb Straits which link the Suez Canal and the Red Sea to the Gulf of Aden and the Indian Ocean.

Coalition collabaration with AQAP/ISIS

World Food Programme

Sources to follow

News Agencies

Pro Hadi

Monitoring Organisations

An unprecedented leak of secret documents has revealed the massive use of French-made weapons in the ongoing civil war in Yemen.

Social media



Status of Yemeni 'civil war' June 2018
Status of Yemeni 'civil war' December 2018
  • The resistance media wing captured footage of a Saudi tank crashing into one of its own vehicles, while trying to flee the battlefield in the key city of Najran. Almasdarnews report, Aug 24, 2016.
Weapon: unknown; a twitter user suggested Chinese C 801 anti ship missile
Yemeni rebels-houthis shot down an F-15 fighter of the Air Force of Saudi Arabia with an air defense missile. It is reported that the military aircraft was struck over the province of Saada, but fell in the province of Najran. Both provinces are located on the territory of the KSA. The incident occurred on the day of arrival of Donald Trump on a visit to the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. The US F-15 fighter was shot down by a Soviet anti-aircraft missile. Earlier, on May 18, in Yemen, the husits were shot down by a military helicopter of the Black Hawk Saudis ("Black Hawk"), also American-made. At least 13 servicemen were killed.

Human rights claims against Houthis

An area pointed to in this HRW report on landmine usage by the "houthis". The report doesnt mention the coalition 'Golden victory' operation or that the west coast was the route of the coalition forces advance towards the port of Hodeidah.

Bellingcat: The Yemen Project

Noted that Bellingcat refers to remnants of Hadi govt in Aden as the Yemeni Government without mentioning that this is contested or the national salvation government authorities in the capital Saana --Diagonal (talk) 15:02, 23 April 2019 (UTC)


This category has only the following subcategory.


  • UAE(4 P, 7 F)

Media in category "Yemen"

The following 27 files are in this category, out of 27 total.